maandag 17 september 2018

Week 37 in #wapenhandel25tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.
Please like or share if it is helpful or interesting for you.)

Graphic illustration of major Indian weapon program. Fifty six per cent of Indians, some 680 million, lack the means to meet their basic needs. see tweet. And 421 million have a serious hunger problem.

Netherlands / Nederland (see also 19, 20, 23)

A – 110918: Dutch government has supported an armed group in Syria with non-lethal equipment, who by the Dutch Public Prosecution Service has been classified as a terrorist organisation. According to research by Dutch daily Trouw and TV-program Nieuwsuur. [in Dutch]

France (see also 15)

1 – 100918: Naval Group want to forms partnerships in Egypt to export maintenance and overhaul for the Egyptian navy warships. [in French]

Germany / Deutchland

2 – 120918: Are German ships del;ivered to the KSA used in the blockade against Yemen?
Sind aus Deutschland gelieferte Kriegsschiffe indirekt an Blockade des Jemen beteiligt? via @sternde

3 – 130918: German small arms exports #SLAW with details on numbers, type, value and countries of destination.

Italy / Italia (see 8)

Spain / España

4 – 100918: Globally applauded decision by Spain to stop bombs going to KSA wasn't final Spanish Defence Minister Margarita Robles told senators at a hearing on Monday. She expects talks with the Saudi's would settle the dispute.

5 – 130918: Spain will go ahead with the sale of 400 laser-guided bombs to Saudi Arabia, a contract it had decided to halt last week because of the Saudis' role in the war in Yemen, El Periodico newspaper said on Wednesday citing diplomatic sources.

Switzerland / Suisse

6 – 150918: Swiss arms companies make profits, but nethertheless want relaxing of arms export regulations. [in French] Aux armes de la paix, citoyens suisses

Turkey / Türkiye

7 – 100918: Defense contractor indicted for fraud, might be hiding in Turkey. ( See also earlier tweet: 6 September 2018:

8 – 100918: Turkey’s homegrown helo makes maiden flight. Turkey says it designed the T625 locally, though industry sources note that the platform has strong resemblance to the AW139, made by the Italian-British AgustaWestland.
9 – 130918: Turkey has stepped up arms supplies to Syrian rebels to help them stave off an expected offensive by the Syrian army and its Russian and Iran-backed allies in the northwest near the Turkish frontier, rebel sources told Reuters. via @AlArabiya_Eng

10 – 160918: The components which are produced by Turkish companies for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Program and Turkish participation as a reliable program partner.

UK (see also 8, 16)

11 – 120918: For the first time, a majority of UK Conservative (52%) voters oppose arms sales to the Saudi led coalition on Yemen, the poll taken on 29-30 August showed. This marks an increase from 25 per cent who said they were opposed in June.

12 – 130918: Arming the Middle East (Kuwait in this case) with Eurofighters. Budget for current fiscal yr includes $1.1 bln to buy Eurofighter aircrafts

REST of the world


13 – 150918: Report critical of Australian procurement process. THE auditor general has claimed the federal government spent $222m on new Bushmaster vehicles in 2016 solely to keep the Thales Bendigo facility operating. The deal was not value for money for taxpayers.

Egypt / Mişr (see also 1)

14 – 100918: Gross violator of human rights, Egypt, to get US$1.2 billion in military aid.

15 – 110918: Egypt launches first locally built Gowind corvette fitted with 16 VL-MICA surface-to-air missiles and 8 Exocet MM40 surface-to-surface missiles as well as 1 76 mm, two 20 mm guns and with a Thales (Nederland) -supplied sensor suite.

Kuwait / Al-Kuwayt (see 12)


16 – 160918: UK Defence Secretary and his Qatari counterpart ­unveiled the £5bn contract for 24 Typhoons, together with a package of support and training, in December. However, the final terms are yet to be confirmed and the sale has already been pushed back once.

Saudi Arabia / Al-Arabiyah as Sa'udiyah (see 2, 4-5, 11)

Syria / Suriyah (see Netherlands, 9)

Yemen / Al-Yaman (see also 2, 11)

17 – 140918: Spain backed away, but still interresting. @PWezeman "seeking a military solution to the situation in #Yemen seems hopeless," restricting arms sales is a viable way to apply pressure and expedite a diplomatic framework that may ultimately end the conflict.

18 – 160918: How Congress Can End the War in Yemen. From 2013 to 2017 Washington supplied more than 60% of Saudi arms. Congress has not directly used its power to force the president to remove US armed forces from participation in a war. Until now. via @nybooks



19 – 130918: Fokker wil tijdens OBD jongeren enthousiast maken voor werken in de wapenindustrie - Hoogeveen - ...

20 – 130918: Fokker alive and kicking components for Apaches and F-16, both used at the Yemen battlefield.


21 – 130918: A plea to privitize the party State owned French arms industry, like Safran, Nexter, Naval Group, Thales, Dassault Aviation, Airbus and MBDA [in French]

Thales (see 15, 21)


F-35 (see also 10)

22 – 150918: Again most expensive weapon system ever gets bad press.

23 – 160918: Dutch SP asks questions on the consequences (also for the Netherlands) of canceling Turkish participation in F-35 project.

Robot weapons / AI

24 – 100918: Leaders at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency #DARPA announced Sept. 7 a $2 billion initiative, known as AI Next, that aims to substantially improve artificial intelligence research.

25 – 140918: “A prohibition treaty is urgently needed before massive international investment goes into LAWs,” says Noel Sharkey professor AI & robotics. With DARPA announcing a new $2 billion investment in "next wave" military AI, time is running out.

Small Arms (see 3)


Corruption and fraud (see 7)

Research and activism

26 – 100918: We've just heard that Roxel missile is not accepting any deliveries today due to our vigil. #protestingworks #stoparmingsaudi

27 – 130918: The US Export Control Reform Act and Possible New Controls on Emerging and Foundational Technologies, part I-III

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see

donderdag 13 september 2018

Fokker alive and kicking; components for Yemen

Moroccan F-16 crashed while on a mission with Saudi Arabia-led forces in Yemen. Bron
Late august 2018 military helicopter company NHIndustries concluded a deal with Qatar to sell 28 helicopters. The France-based company is jointly owned by Airbus, Leonardo Helicopters and Fokker Aerostructures. Fokker produces the landing gear for the NH-90 helicopters. The deal with Qatar is only a tip of the iceberg of the involvement of the Fokker company in the Middle East. Fokker delivers parts for all kinds of aircraft used in the war on Yemen. Fokker is an almost forgotten part of the Dutch industry; that many of its planes are still flying is not commonly known

The history of Fokker dates back to the very beginning of aviation. And also military aviation. The company already delivered war planes to Germany during World War I. After its bankruptcy in 2005 the production of complete planes ended but Fokker did not disappear. Branches continued producing components for aircraft and missiles of Airbus, Leonardo, Raytheon, Boeing and Lockheed Martin.

For an outsider it is difficult to tell which components are part of which weapon system. Fokker has made agreements on production on many systems and those are sold to a number of countries (see table 3) most probably while including Dutch components.

Fokker is also still overhauling the planes that it has build in its glorious past. Planes have long lives and many Fokker planes are still part of military inventories, used for military tasks such as maritime patrol, cargo and personnel transport. They fly on all continents: from Angola to Venezuela, from tiny Togo to the United States. Active types involved are the F-27, F-28, F-50 (and the slightly longer F-60), F-70 and F-100 (see table 1).

Table 1: Military Fokker aircraft still active
F-28 (incl. F-70 and 100)
Iranian Bron: wiki
Argentine Bron: wiki
Dutch Bron: wiki
Algeria - AF
Argentine - AF
Peru - N
Angola - AF
Colombia - AF
Taiwan - AF
Argentine - AF
Côte d'Ivoire - VIP Transport
Singapore - AF
Bolivia A, - AF
Ghana - AF
    Tanzania - AF
Finland - AF
Indonesia - AF
    Thailand - P
Indonesia - AF
Kenya - AF

Iran - A, AF, N
Malaysia - AF

Myanmar - AF
Myanmar - AF

Pakistan - AF, N
Peru - A, N

Philippines - AF, N
Philippines - AF

Peru - N, CG
Tanzania - AF

Senegal - AF
Togo - AF
Sudan - AF
Venezuela - NG

Thailand - N

United States - APT

Primarily based on The Military Balance 2018 and secondarily on Fokker wiki's. When not listed in MB18 a 3rd source is given. When no such source for a wiki entry is found, that entry is removed.

A = Army, AF = Air Force, APT = Army Parachute Team, CG=Coast Guard, N = Navy, NG = National Guard, P = Police

GKN results period ended 30 June 2015.
Part of GKN

Since October 2015, Fokker is part of UK company GKN. For € 706 million GKN Aerospace acquired Stork Topco B.V. which owns Fokker Technologies Group B.V. GKN employs a workforce of 17,000 at 51 locations in 14 different countries. Turnover in 2017: € 4 billion. Fokker had 4,900 (3,500 in the Netherlands) employees in 8 other countries (Romania, Turkey, Canada, Mexico, USA, China, India and Singapore, see table 2) and owns 44 per cent of Belgian SABCA shares.

GKN Aeospace Fokker is composed of four divisions falling under Fokker Technologies: aerostructures, electrical wiring systems, landing gear and services. That last division plays a major role in the maintenance and repair of Fokker aircraft, but also of recent aircraft types such as the F-35. GKN even considers to make this part more important. Fokker Technologies is a major contributer to the overall rotary wing (helicopter) sector of GKN.

Table 2: Subsidiaries and other undertakings
Papendrecht, Nl
Fokker Aerospace B.V.
Fokker Aerostructures B.V.
Fokker (CDR) B.V.
Fokker Engineers & Contractors B.V.
Fokker Procurement Combination B.V.
Fokker Technologies Group B.V.
Fokker Technologies Holding B.V.
Fokker Technology B.V.
Hoofdkantoor Slobbengors Beheer B.V.
Hoogerheide, Nl
Fokker Aircraft Services B.V.
Fokker Techniek B.V.
Helmond, Nl
Fokker Landing Gear B.V.
Hoofddorp, Nl
Fokker Services B.V.
Fokker Elmo Canada Inc.
Fokker Elmo (Langfang) Electrical Systems Co.
Fokker Elmo SASMOS Interconnection Systems Ltd.
Fokker Engineering Romania S.R.L.
Fokker Services Asia Pte Ltd.
Fokker Elmo Havacilik Sanayi Ve Ticaret Ltd.
Fokker Aerostructures Inc.
Fokker Elmo Inc,
Source annual reports 2016 and 2017.

Wide range of aircraft

All different Fokker divisions produce components for a wide range of aircraft, such as fighters, helicopters and transport planes and even for PAC3 missiles (part of layered missile defence). For transport planes including the A400M, the C-130 Hercules (globally the most common military transport aircraft), and the Leonardo C-27J battlefield airlifter. Those planes are used for the deployment of troops and equipment all over the globe. But components are also produced for the Boeing 737 AEW&C, an airborne early warning and control aircraft designed for the Australian air force to oversee the battlefield. This aircraft is also sold to Turkey and South Korea, and offered to Italy and the UAE. The Boeing P-8 Poseidon is in use in several countries for patrolling sea lines of communication, illegal activities and migrant movements and - military the most important - searching for submarines. The P-8 is in 2017 offered to Saudi Arabia.


Fokker is widely involved in helicopter programs. This includes the previously mentioned NH-90 program, a helicopter in two different versions for tactical transport (of goods and/or troops) and for use on naval surface vessels of frigate size and bigger. The Dutch company also produces major sub-assemblies for the back of the double rotor Chinook helicopters. For the Apache attack helicopter (AH-64) it is producing the forward avionic bays (FAB's), the vertical stabilizer and landing gear. GKN stated that: “This successful collaboration has continued with the operation involved in the latest Apache version: the AH-64D Block III.”

The Apache is not only found in inventories of the US forces and the armed forces of a number of Asian and European allies, but also in the Egyptian, Israeli, Kuwaiti, Qatar, UAE and Saudi (also Army and National Guard) Air Forces. The attack helicopters are operated in the military actions in Yemen under the cynical designation Restore Hope. The Saudi's employ at least two and the Emirates seven of them in fighting operations, according to the Military Balance (2018 edition).

Fighter aircraft

Resulting from offset agreements made during the last forty years Fokker is also involved in the production of F-16 parts. These planes are also used in the war on Yemen: Bahrain employs six, Egypt six, Jordan six, Morocco six, and the UAE each 12.
The latest addition to the Western fighter aircraft fleet, the F-35 Lightning (including its engine), is fitted with Fokker parts and more of this kind of complicity can be expected in conflicts not yet even known.

Arms (component) control

The Dutch government has the opinion that as long as exports of components take place in EU/NATO+ countries, the arms export controls will be done in the country of final assembling. Is this controllable? Yes it is if the the companies assembling the aeronautic weapon systems want to cooperate and Dutch government is willing to make this a condition. One of the demands in the production process among the involved businesses is that: “Full traceability of the Supply Chain shall be guaranteed either by AS/EN9120 certification or be proven by the paperwork with the goods.” This traceability could become the foundation for a more stringent arms export policy. It should. Why is the Dutch government strict on direct exports to Riyadh, but can Dutch components end up in weapon systems used by the Saudi's and their allies in a bloody war?

Table 2: Products with Fokker involvement and client states (minus EU/NATO+ countries)

Transport Aircraft
Maritime Patrol
Early warning
Fighter Aircraft


















Saudi Arabia









Fokker worked on the C-130 Hercules also. This is plane sold to over seventy countries and production started in 1950. The other aircraft are of a more recent date and/or the Netherlands is participating from the start in its production, because of offset agreements.

Based on Military Balance 2018 and wikipedia. Light purple on order/potential sale and purple sold.

Geschreven voor Stop Wapenhandel.

zondag 9 september 2018

Week 36 in #wapenhandel25tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.
Please like or share if it is helpful or interesting for you.)

Netherlands / Nederland (see also 22, 23, 24, 25)

1 – 030918: Dutch navy halts use of Raytheon SM-2 missile after explosion on German frigate Sachsen. Answers on Parliamentary questions by MP Karabulut (SP)

2 – 040918: Wapenfabrikant, Koning, Admiraal, ze helpen elkaar allemaal! Koning Willem-Alexander brengt eind september bezoek aan Hengelo

3 – 080918: US State Department approved a possible FMSale to the Netherlands of 4 Patriot Fire Units for an estimated cost of $105 million. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale Sept 5th.



4 – 040918: The Near East and the Middle East in 2017 accounted for just over 60% of French arms exports. Asia-Pacific for about 17% of total order intake, followed, in order, Europe and the Americas.

5 – 040918: Missed: In India the Rafale contract turns into a political scandal. En Inde, le contrat Rafale tourne au scandale politique

6 – 040918: Battling for arms sales to major human rights violator. French Naval Group likely to loose in Egypt of German rival. ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems close to reach agreement for a purchase of two Meko A200 corvettes .

Germany / Deutchland (see 1, 6)

7 – 060918: Questions Deutscher Bundestag (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) and answers. When German small arms companies established in the US export small arms to Mexico it is the responsibility of the US to implement arms export control.

8 – 080918: The process of demilitarization of War Weapons in Germany is governed by Ordinance on the Disarmament of Military Weapons. In German: Verordnung über die Unbrauchbarmachung von Kriegswaffen und über den Umgang mit unbrauchbar gemachten Kriegswaffen.;jsessionid=5A729382307CDEB39C72C27961B6AF96.1_cid362

Malta (see 18)

Spain / España

9 – 040918: Spanish MoD announced that it will return the 9.2 million euros already paid by Saudi Arabia to buy 400 Spanish-made precision bombs amid fears that they could be used to target the innocent people of Yemen, the El Mundo reported.

10 – 080918: Spanish government under pressure over Saudi defense deals Shipbuilders fear cancellation of mega-frigate deal with Islamist Kingdom.

Switzerland / Suisse

11 – 040918: Swiss set to ease arms export rules despite Syria grenades report. SonntagsBlick reported on Sunday that Islamic State militants were hoarding RUAG-made hand grenades in Syria, based on photographs of weapons seized from fighters.

12 – 040918: The Swiss Federal Audit Office (SFAO) / Eidgenössische Finanzkontrolle (EFK) reports how defence companies use loopholes in the law with approval of the Bundesrat: export components to be assembled at the destination.

13 – 050918: +/- 250 protested yesterday afternoon in Bern against the relaxation of Swiss arms export rules. Auch «Sprayer-Grosi» ist dabei; Waffenexport-Gegner protestieren in Bern.

UK (see 20)

14 – 080918: King’s College London and the Oxford Research Group report calls into question British-Saudi economic and political relations.

REST of the world

Armenia / Hayastan

15 – 090918: The Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA) called on the US Department of State to investigate the use of US defense equipment in a 2017 Israeli drone attack by the Azerbaijani military against the Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh) Republic.

Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan (see 15)
China / Zhōngguó (see 21)


16 – 040918: Doraleh port terminal may in future be leveraged as a processing center for the illegal arms trade – Report

Egypt / Mişr (see 6)

India (see 5, 17)

Israël / Isra'il (see also 15)

17 – 080918: Bleubird Joint Venture wins its 1st order from Indian army for Israeli Spylite drone for Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) missions.

Libië / Lībīyah

18 – 060918: The US blocked a request for the UNSC to allow the Lybian El Hani frigate return home after extensive repairs at Maltese-based Cassar Ship Repair. Ammunition aboard the frigate was stored during the work.

19 – 080918: "It makes no sense to sit with and talk to Lybian militia, as long as countries such as the UAE and Saudi Arabia keep on arming them," Paris based French researcher Jalel Harchaoui said. [In Dutch]

Mexico / México (see 7)


20 – 090918: Qatar could saddle British taxpayers with a bill for billions of pounds by defaulting on payments for military equipment ordered from the UK.

Russia / Rossija

21 – 060918: Russia promotes itself as alternative power source to China and US in East  via @SCMPNews

Saudi Arabia / Al-Arabiyah as Sa'udiyah (see 9, 10, 14, 19)
Syria / Suriyah (see 11)
UAE / Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah (see 19)



22 – 060918: Fokker Papendrecht involved for US$1.5m (1.9%) in latest F-35 Lockheed Martin contract (US$ 81m) for spare parts and engine change kits for US Navy amnd Marines.

Thales (see 2)

Drones (see 15, 17, 23, 25)

23 – 050918: Delft Dynamics' #DroneCatcher shown at #MSPO2018, visit booth D-23 of our partner @HertzSystems. Looking for partners from other @NATO countries to integrate with other counter-drone technologies. #counter #drones #CUAS

F-35 (see 22)
Missile defence (see 1, 3)
Small Arms (see 7)


24 – 060918: The lobby for (too) expensive Dutch Swedish build submarines continues. Book presented on Dutch sub-building in 1905-1958. One of the writers Tobias van Gent became MP for rightwing liberals VVD yesterday. Ron van Maanen (1958) is archive specialist on the history of wharf.


Defence budget (see 24)
Lobby (see also 2, 24)

25 – 040918: NIDV - Bijeenkomst Platform Vliegende Systemen, zoals vandaag gevormd bij NIDV: over behoeften, Eur. projecten, industr.
participatie, strategische samenwerkingen. In nauwe samenwerking met overheid. Directeur Kustwacht, dank voor gastvrijheid.

Refugees (see 18)
Research and activism (see 13, 14, 15, 16)

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see