zondag 12 augustus 2018

Week 31 en 32 in #wapenhandel37tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.
Please like or share if it is helpful or interesting for you.)


Netherlands / Nederland (see also 22, 23)

1 – 300718: Dutch government published factsheet on examples of export via the Cloud and answers if licenses are needed in the given cases. [in Dutch] https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/publicaties/2017/09/01/export-via-de-cloud

2 – 080818: It is a crime in the Netherlands to make plastic weapons with a 3D printer. The provision of blueprints can also be punishable the Public Prosecution Office said in connection with the US corp that wanted to publish blueprints for 3D weapons online. https://www.nu.nl/gadgets/5395328/openbaar-ministerie-3d-geprinte-wapens-maken-strafbaar-in-nederland.html

3 – 020818: Of all transit notifications, July 2018, in the Netherlands, most are for hunting rifles and ammo. Remarkable are 4 notifications on German military caliber rifles ( 2 x 5.56 and 2 x 7.72) to Israel (and visa versa) at the same day (July 3). https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/rapporten/2016/10/01/overzicht-doorvoer-militaire-goederen

4 – 080818: In July 2016 Dutch Dual-use exports e.g. #nanosatellite exports to #India and the US and #optech for military use to South #Korea. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/rapporten/2016/10/01/overzicht-dual-use-vergunningen

5 – 100818: How the US exports the knowledge about its export control policy e.g. to the Netherlands. Washington follows its unilateral rules and teaches the world to follow theirs. #Amsterdam. https://www.learnexportcompliance.com/seminar/amsterdam-2018/

6 – 100818: Another course in the Netherlands on US regulations concerning the export of military technology. Session II: International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) https://fullcirclecompliance.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/FINAL-Awareness-Course-U.S.-Export-Controls-2-Oct-2018.pdf

EUROPE

7 – 080818: UK’s new Tempest fighter, planned as Britain nears its exit from the European Union, may still benefit from funding provided by the EU, according to one of the partners https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2018/08/03/despite-brexit-leonardo-see-a-way-the-uk-tempest-fighter-could-win-eu-funding/

8 – 100818: Uncertainty about the US is affecting EU countries' "impulse to spend more on the military, but instead of using that money to buy US, they're going to buy European," Townsend (#CNAS) said. But look at fighter acquisitions to nuance this. https://www.businessinsider.in/Trump-gives-European-countries-the-willies-about-buying-US-weapons-but-hes-not-their-only-concern/

France (see also 16, 20, 24, 28, 34)

9 – 020818: European nations will need to buy a little less from America to slightly reduce US supremacy as arms exporter, French Minister of Defence Parly said. https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2018/08/01/a-jet-sale-to-egypt-is-being-blocked-by-a-us-regulation-and-france-is-over-it/

Germany / Deutchland (see 2, 15)

10 – 080818: The next German fighter bought acquired in the US or Europe. Fighter conference in Berlin from 13th – 15th November? https://internationalfighter.iqpc.co.uk/landing/international-fighter-2018-agenda

11 – 100818: German Naval Yards (GNY) shipyard group would co-operate with former competitor ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) to bid for the German Navy’s future MKS 180 multirole combat ship programme. Remaining competitor is Blohm&Voss, bidding with Dutch Damen. https://www.janes.com/article/82269/german-naval-yards-takes-thyssenkrupp-marine-systems-on-board-mks-180-project#.W21PjoQABuk.twitter

Turkey / Türkiye

12 – 300718: Erdogan sole decision-maker on S-400 deal https://www.defensenews.com/smr/space-missile-defense
/2018/07/27/shaking-hands-with-the-russians-erdogan-sole-decision-maker-on-s-400-deal/

UK (see also 7, 21)

13 – 100818: The DSO singled out sales of components for the F-35 joint strike fighter - of which BAE Systems has a 15pc share - as a major contributor to aerospace's dominance. https://www.pressreader.com/uk/the-daily-telegraph/20180810/282617443575763

REST of the world

Canada

14 – 090818: Sending arms into the ongoing conflict is the wrong direction for Canada to take, argued Peggy Mason, a former disarmament ambassador to the United Nations and a security adviser to the Mulroney government. https://montrealgazette.com/news/canada/canadian-sniper-rifles-expected-to-be-in-the-hands-of-ukrainian-military-by-fall-mp-says/

Egypt / Mişr

15 – 300718: Thyssenkrupp Marine Systems negotiates with Egypt credit sale of 2 MEKO A-200 frigates worth 1 billion euros. Navy requests integrating MBDA Aster 30 VLS system on board.

16 – 080818: #France is looking for a way around the US’ blocking of #Scalp cruise missile technology for #Egypt, & explores the possibility of replacing American components with alternatives so it can deliver the missiles as well as additional Rafale fighters to Egypt http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=52683%3Afrance-looking-to-circumvent-us-components-in-scalp-missile

India (see also 4)

17 – 090818: ‘Israeli Aerospace Industries, Rafael taken off Indian blacklist’ Still listed are: Singapore Tech Kinetics (STK),
Israel Military Indus (IMI)
Rheinmetall Air Defence (Zurich)
Corp Defence (Russia)
T S Kisan & Co (New Delhi)

Israël / Isra'il (see 2, 17, 25, 35)

Mexico / México

18 – 100818: To get peace in Mexico focus on development, the fight against poverty and community investment, according to http://stopusarmstomexico.org/ and http://cmdpdh.org/. Read in Spanish: http://www.milenio.com/opinion/maite-azuela/contracorriente/pacificacion-comprando-armas

19 – 110818: The US State Department has approved a #FMS of 8 Evolved SeaSparrow Missiles (#ESSM) to #Mexican frigate build by Dutch #Damen for an estimated cost of $41 million. http://www.dsca.mil/major-arms-sales/mexico-evolved-seasparrow-missiles

Russia / Rossija (see 28)
South Korea / Hanguk (see 4)

UAE / Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah

20 – 030818: The former legendary manufacturer, now a specialist in ammunition machines, was on the brink of bankruptcy. Emirates Defense Industries Company (Edic), the UAE arms group headed by the former boss of Thales, Luc Vigneron, will revive the firm. http://www.lefigaro.fr/societes/2018/08/02/20005-20180802ARTFIG00294-manurhin-sauve-par-les-emirats-arabes-unis.php

Ukraine / Ukrajina (see 14)

Yemen / Al-Yaman

21 – 110818: How arms control regulations spoils the paper they are written on. David Pratt: How bombs made in Scotland are helping to fuel death toll in Yemen. http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/16412459.david-pratt-how-bombs-made-in-scotland-are-helping-to-fuel-death-toll-in-yemen/

DEFENCE-INDUSTRY

Damen (see 19)

Fokker

22 – 090818: General Atomics has recently completed performance testing of a part of its MQ-25 stingray drone proposal. The component is the Hold Down Damper (HDD) for the aircraft’s arrester hook, produced by GKN Aerospace’s Fokker division in Helmond, Netherlands. https://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/defense/2018-08-03/ga-asi-progresses-mq-25-program

23 – 090818: #Fokker Elmo manufactures 40% of #F35 Electrical Wiring & Interconnection System (EWIS) & will deliver/support Turkish Aerospace with wiring systems and develops the EWIS for the F135 engine, for which a major share is produced in Fokker Elmo in Izmir #JSF https://www.defenceturkey.com/en/content/lockheed-martin-opens-f-35-jsf-production-base-to-turkish-journalists-3118

MBDA (see 16)

WEAPENS

Drones (see also 22)

24 – 110818: US #Reaper #drones for #France weapons capable. 100 GBU-49 Enhanced Paveway dual mode GPS and laser guided bomb kits 650 AGM-114R Hellfire missiles, with active warheads 51 Hellfire training missiles https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2018-17154 #federalregister

F-35 (see also 11, 13, 23)

25 – 020818: Why the Israelis want a larger, F-15 fleet, besides the F-35. “The Boeing F-15 can be equipped with Israeli-developed systems, an upgrade that can be performed on the Lockheed F-35 to a clear limit.” http://aviationweek.com/defense/why-israelis-want-larger-more-modern-f-15-fleet via @aviationweek

Missile defence

26 – 0207818: The head of US Strategic command in Japan dismissed Russian worries about two US-designed Aegis missile defense systems headed to Japan as “political messaging,” insisting that the weapon is only for defense. (Only needed the end of the ABM-treaty). http://www.defensedaily.com/stratcom-commander-dismisses-russian-suspicions-japan-aegis-ashore-sites/

27 – 080818: A return to Star Wars? Congress intensifies push for reluctant #MDA to focus on space-based missile defence. https://www.defensenews.com/land/2018/07/27/congress-intensifies-push-for-reluctant-mda-to-focus-on-space-based-missile-defense/

Satellites (see also 4)

28 – 100818: The payload on Russian military communication satellite "Blagovest" is created, with the participation of Thales Alenia Space. The proportion of Russian and imported parts unknown. Ria Novosti 10/08/18 [in Russian]

Small Arms

29 – 080818: A State Department nomination that should have been a victory lap for the Trump administration’s efforts to boost U.S. arms sales abroad instead has become caught up in a separate domestic controversy, likely for weeks to come. https://www.defensenews.com/congress/2018/08/07/trumps-arms-sales-nominee-bogged-down-by-3d-gun-debate/

Submarines/Torpedo's

30 – 110818: MK 48 Mod 7 torpedo upgrades sold to Canada, Netherlands, Turkey, and USN. https://www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/1599617/

OTHER

Corruption

31 – 310718: There is a risk in FMS Overhead Funds of unallowable or unapproved payments, that could lead to fraud, waste, or abuse of funds. GAO advises strengthened financial oversight. https://www.gao.gov/assets/700/693507.pdf

Refugees

32 – 080818: Government Accountability Office report (https://www.gao.gov/assets/700/693488.pdf) "on President Trump’s completely unnecessary and wasteful border wall." https://benniethompson.house.gov/media/press-releases/gao-report-trump-s-wall-set-waste-billions-provide-no-measurable-benefit

Research and activism

33 – 020818: More than 40 artists have today removed their artwork from the @DesignMuseum's #HopeToNope exhibition in protest after it hosted an arms company reception. Join them in saying #nopetoarms http://caat.org.uk/hope-to-nope

34 – 020818: French arms exports & the banks: "Export deals require bank support, but commercial banks are “rather nervous” about lending for arms contracts, reflecting regulatory pressure and demands for corporate social responsibility from shareholders, Parly said." https://www.defensenews.com/industry/2018/08/02/french-armed-forces-minister-reveals-arms-export-details-roadblocks-to-lawmakers/

35 – 090818: Missed it: Report: Israel exports weapons to 30 countries, worth $9 billion annually http://english.pnn.ps/2018/08/05/report-israel-exports-weapons-to-30-countries-worth-9-billion-annually/

36 – 090818: Student activists call on UOW to break ties with weapons companies http://www.illawarramercury.com.au/story/5574914/student-activists-call-on-uow-to-break-ties-with-weapons-companies/ via @illawarramerc

37 – 090818: Climate change, oil, and military industry brought together in one alarming article which positively urges for a movement in a more sustainable direction. ‘In trying to save the planet, this is how we will dramatically change global politics’ https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/climate-change-fossil-fuels-saudi-arabia-uk-america-russia-china-a8486316.html



This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek

zondag 29 juli 2018

Week 30 in #wapenhandel25tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.
Please like or share if it is helpful or interesting for you.)

Netherlands / Nederland (see also 13, 20 en 21)

1 – 240718: Hidden parts of the Dutch arms export policy. Written for @CTWnl (Stop Wapenhandel / Stop Arms Trade) http://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2018/07/hidden-parts-of-dutch-arms-export-policy.html

Tabel 1: Dutch export licenses for components in 2017 (€ 20 million or more)
date
Description
Country of destination
Country of final destination
Value (€)
1-9-2017
Parts for diverse aircraft and helicopters
EU/NATO+
EU/NATO+
30.000.000
23-3-2017
Parts for military transport aircraft
UK
UK
27.240.000
19-5-2017
Parts for transport aircraft
TURKEY
UK
27.240.000
18-4-2017
Parts for diverse aircraft and helicopter engines
US
US
27.000.000
17-2-2017
Parts for Tiger and NH90 helicopters and A400M freight aircraft
EU/NATO+
EU/NATO+
25.000.000
13-6-2017
Parts for air missiles and aircraft.
US
US
22.326.962
11-1-2017
Parts for F-16 fighter aircraft and diverse helicopters
EU/NATO+
EU/NATO+
20.000.000
21-12-2017
Parts for diverse types fighter aircraft and -helicopters
EU/NATO+
EU/NATO+
20.000.000
Total
198.806.962

EUROPE

2 – 250718: Arms industry/exports/funding NEWS FROM THE BRUSSELS’ BUBBLE #2018-4, 24 JULY 2018, by ENAAT, http://enaat.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/ENAAT-NBB-2018-04_24.07.2018.pdf

3 – 290718: The European Commission is afraid of reputational damage because of opposition from ngo's against EU funding for the arms industry. #noEUmoney4arms @_ENAAT

France (see also 6)

4 – 230718: French fighter manufacturer Dassault net profit rose in the first half of 2018 to €186m, from €166m a year ago thanks to Mideast deals. Exports of the Rafale accounted for the bulk of the order book, with sales to Egypt, Qatar and India. https://www.defensenews.com/industry/2018/07/20/dassault-reports-net-profit-spike-in-first-half-of-2018-thanks-to-mideast-deals/

5 – 240718: France makes progress on refitting submarine for nuclear M51 missiles https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2018/07/23/france-makes-progress-on-refitting-submarine-for-m51-missiles/

Germany / Deutchland (see 23)

Italy / Italia (see also 13)

6 – 270718: Main message is: The French are trying to weaken Fincantieri and "the shareholders should make this remarkable company to abandon the suicidal "French strategy" and push new scenarios." https://www.milanofinanza.it/news/la-trappola-francese-nell-industria-militare-201807262116592899

Spain / España (see 23, 24)

Turkey / Türkiye (see also 22)

7 – 230718: Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is urging Congress not to bar Turkey from purchasing the Lockheed Martin F-35, arguing that to do so would trigger an international “supply chain disruption” resulting in delays and higher costs for the $100 million aircraft. https://www.defensenews.com/congress/2018/07/23/jim-mattis-warns-congress-not-to-block-turkey-from-f-35-program/

8 – 250718: Defense authorization bill bars delivery of F-35 to Turkey until US government submits an assessment of the US-Turkey relationship; requires an assessment of the operational and counterintelligence risks of S-400; and calls on Turkey to release detained US https://www.defensenews.com/congress/2018/07/23/hardware-end-strength-russia-and-china-sanctions-heres-the-deal-lawmakers-reached-on-the-huge-defense-policy-bill/

9 – 280718: On the periphery of the EU. Turkey, Ukraine advance An-188 short take-off and landing aircraft co-production talks https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2018/07/27/turkey-ukraine-advance-an-188-co-production-talks

UK


12 – 250718: UK's Navy's cut-price frigate contract runs aground because of 'lack of competition' https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2018/07/24/navys-cut-price-frigate-contract-runs-aground-lack-competition/ via @telebusiness

REST of the world

Bahrain / Al-Bahrayn

13 – 290718: O.H Perry class guide weapons frigate sold to #Bahrain. With Italian Oto Melara 76 mm gun and fire control radar Mk.92 based on Thales Nederland systems. http://www.bahrainbiznews.com/story-z8250320

Brasil (see 23)
Canada (see 18)

China / Zhōngguó

14 – 250718: China is nowhere close to dislodging the US from the Middle East as the main arms supplier, but it is penetrating the region steadily, beginning with drones and other weapons that are not particularly sophisticated. http://www.arabnews.com/node/1343631

Egypt / Mişr (see 4)
India (see 4)
Libië / Lībīyah (see 17)
Qatar (see 4)

Saudi Arabia / Al-Arabiyah as Sa'udiyah (see also 16)

Serbia / Srbija

15 – 280718: eKapija | Serbia sells 29 old tanks for over USD 540,000 https://www.ekapija.com/en/news/2205075/serbia-sells-29-old-tanks-for-over-usd-540000

South Africa

16 – 280718: South Africa's deadly involvement in the Saudi war on Yemen http://www.middleeasteye.net/columns/south-africa-complicit-war-yemen-1495899269 via @MiddleEastEye

UAE / Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah

17 – 280718: UAE is also believed to be trying to establish its foothold in North Africa. In Libya by providing financial support to the Libyan National Army (LNA), led by Khalifa Haftar, in defiance of an internationally-recognized government in capital Tripoli. http://www.islamtimes.org/en/news/740659/uae-says-wants-bigger-military-role-in-middle-east

Ukraine / Ukrajina (see also 9)

18 – 250718: Huh? Canadian company wants to supply sniper rifles to Ukraine. "We are waiting for the signing of the permit to export the arms by Canadian government," MP James Bezan said. https://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/520397.html It isn't fresh news, but aimed to raise pressure: https://nationalpost.com/news/canada/canadian-arms-manufacturer-hopes-to-sell-assault-rifles-to-ukraine-military

Yemen / Al-Yaman (see also 16)

19 – 270718: U.S. allies have killed thousands of Yemeni civilians from the air. After 22 died at a wedding, one village asks, ‘Why us?’ https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/us-allies-have-killed-thousands-of-yemenis-from-the-air-after-22-died-at-a-wedding-one-village-asks-why-us/2018/07/25/3c3e4801-164e-42ae-ac08-bec09044e52a_story.html

DEFENCE-INDUSTRY

Fokker

20 – 230718: General Atomics concluded testing of the arresting hook for its proposed #MQ25 aerial refueling #drone for the US Navy. GA worked with GKN Aerospace’s Fokker business unit in Helmond, NL. #Fokker is slated to supply the arresting hook for the GA-ASI bid. http://www.ga.com/ga-asi-completes-testing-of-arresting-hook-and-hdd-for-mq-25

Thales (see also 13)

21 – 240718: Sea Sparrows (ESSM) to protect US amphibious landing capacity. (Dutch and others offsets) https://www.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/1580691/

WEAPENS

Drones (see 20)

F-35 (see also 7-8)

22 – 250718: Lockheed Martin: F-35 production on track won’t be overly exposed to cost pressures even as Congress mulls barring Turkey’s participation https://news.usni.org/2018/07/24/35291

Small Arms

23 – 250718: How to make the world an unsafer place for all. U.S. government ruling that allows 3D gun printing. The most of the 100.000 folowing downloads came from Spain, followed by the US, Brazil & Germany. http://www.foxnews.com/opinion/2018/07/20/making-guns-on-3d-printers-is-blow-against-gun-control.html

Submarines

24 – 270718: Warning to all planning to buy new submarines: The total price of the contract for the four Spanish subs, even without the expenses for new docking, has nearly doubled after the unexpected challenges to reach €3.9 billion ($4.5 billion). https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2018/07/26/whats-the-problem-with-spains-new-submarine/

OTHER

Defence budget (see 24)

Research and activism (see also 3)

25 – 250718: On July 17, the @DesignMuseum in London hosted an event held by Leonardo, one of the world's biggest arms companies. We currently have artwork in the @DesignMuseum's #HopeToNope exhibition. Today, alongside 24 other contributing artists we have demanded our art be taken returned https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2018/jul/24/design-museum-challenged--arms-industry-event

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek

dinsdag 24 juli 2018

Hidden parts of the Dutch arms export policy

Minister Sigrid Kaag and PM Mark Rutte at signing bilateral Defense Cooperation Agreement.Source
During a visit of the Dutch prime minister to Washington the Netherlands and the United States reinforced their ties on military affairs on issues like cooperation on operations, materiel and acquisitions. The US is already the biggest customer of the Dutch arms industry, followed by EU/NATO+ and Germany. Cooperation agreements play a large role in this trade connection.

Great global powers are building all types of arms and complete systems at home. Regional powers and smaller industrialised countries such as the Netherlands have limited capacity to build domestically. Typically they produce subsystems and components. The Netherlands has a strongly developed policy to negotiate industrial orders in return when acquiring major weapons abroad. It is part of the Dutch Defence Industrial Strategy (DIS). In the past this was called offset or compensation policy. Today it is called industrial participation. The European Commission (http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-18-357_en.htm) is objecting this Dutch policy as it hinders the free EU arms market they pursue.

Although the biggest Dutch arms export licenses of 2017 are connected to the sale of naval vessels to Mexico and Pakistan, the eight largest licenses for parts have a value of € 200 million (see table 1). The description of almost half of the approximately 1.300 licenses in the Dutch 2017 reports on individual export licenses of military goods start with the words part or parts. Often the value of an individual license is not so high, but all licenses together amount to over a billion euro. Components are a considerable part of Dutch arms exports. In the annual report it is stated 72 per cent of all Dutch military exports concern components.

Tabel 1: Dutch export licenses for components in 2017 (€ 20 million or more)
date
Description
Country of destination
Country of final destination
Value (€)
1-9-2017
Parts for diverse aircraft and helicopters
EU/NATO+
EU/NATO+
30.000.000
23-3-2017
Parts for military transport aircraft
UK
UK
27.240.000
19-5-2017
Parts for transport aircraft
TURKEY
UK
27.240.000
18-4-2017
Parts for diverse aircraft and helicopter engines
US
US
27.000.000
17-2-2017
Parts for Tiger and NH90 helicopters and A400M freight aircraft
EU/NATO+
EU/NATO+
25.000.000
13-6-2017
Parts for air missiles and aircraft.
US
US
22.326.962
11-1-2017
Parts for F-16 fighter aircraft and diverse helicopters
EU/NATO+
EU/NATO+
20.000.000
21-12-2017
Parts for diverse types fighter aircraft and -helicopters
EU/NATO+
EU/NATO+
20.000.000
Total
198.806.962

Of those licenses, many are for naval systems produced by Thales Netherlands. In 2017 alone, the list of destinations receiving Thales radar or command and control equipment includes Algeria, Argentine, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Canada, Colombia, Egypt, France, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Oman, Pakistan, Poland, Qatar, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, UAE and US. The sales to Egypt were discussed in a courtroom in 2016-2017, because Egypt is using naval vessels to blockade Yemen. But according to the minister of Foreign Affairs Stef Blok during a debate in the Dutch Parliament, the vessels are not only used for that, but also for the security of the Egyptian State.

There are two major transparency issues with components. One is that many sales are reported in an unclear way. Exported parts can be for aircraft and helicopters, transport planes, engines for helicopters and planes, tanks, armoured vehicles, for missiles and even for aircraft carrier tailhooks (see table Dutch produced arms exports of components/parts (2017). It is hard to get an real overview. The level of information on the exports runs from non-information like 'global license', to the the very general 'parts for aircraft', or 'parts for fighter aircraft'. Information only makes sense when more specific. 'Parts for aircraft' could as well be for Eurofighters sold to Saudi Arabia and used to bomb Yemen. Search radar is something different than radar for fire control. A small patrol vessels without weapon mountings is another kind of export than a patrol vessel with automatic guns.

The second issue is the lack of detail on destination. EU/NATO+ is only superficially a homogeneous category. It includes countries as different as the UK, Poland, Turkey, Japan, and the US. Even inside Belgium there is controversy between Flanders and Wallonia on what is an acceptable export destination. European arms export policy is based on a Common Position, but also based on interests and interpretations rooting in centuries of sovereign foreign, economic and defence policies. NATO+ countries which are outside the EU have even more room to follow policies to their own liking and interests.

Table 2: Value reported realizations of definitive export of military products in 2017 under General License NL009 (F-35 Lightning II)
Country of destination
Value (€)
Canada
190,000
Italy
6,590,000
Japan
190,000
Turkey
160,000
UK
1,860,000
US
88,900,000
Total
97,800,000
Source: Table 8, Annual arms export report 2017, in Dutch, page 31.

Map with F-16 operators in bluewith former operators in red. Wikipedia.
Slovakia in July 2018 the latest new customer not yet included.
For arms component control the devil is in the detail. A non-Dutch company assembling Dutch military components into a bigger weapon system may export to destinations which are controversial for the Netherlands. For example: F-16's with Dutch components have been sold to countries on all continents (see wiki map). Some of them notorious human rights violators. Others involved in conflicts. For the US however, arms export policy is American foreign policy and - under president Trump more than ever - driven by American economic interests. The same will become true for F-35 components exports. Dutch parts will be hardy be recognised or even invisible below the stealth body. The Dutch government provides an overview of countries receiving F-35 components under a General License (see table 2), but it is not clear who the end user will be.

Licensed exports of components runs from parts for fighter and transport aircraft, attack and naval helicopters, aircraft engines, to vehicles, simulation and optical equipment. Components of drones go to the US and India. Components for Airbus A400M transport planes are sold to Turkey (see table 3). Ankara also buys parts for the T-625 transport helicopter produced by Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI). Transport planes and heli's are used to fly troops and equipment where needed; considering the conflict with the Kurds the Dutch government would never allow the export of complete systems. For Turkey this air transport capacity is critical for internal and foreign military deployment.

The Netherlands exports parts for Typhoon fighters (also named EFA/Eurofighter). The Eurofighter is assembled by companies in four different countries and exported to the Gulf region, included Riyadh. The Saudi's are also buying Sea Sparrow missiles (in the Dutch licenses also listed as ESSM or anti-air missiles). It is impossible to distill this from the Dutch arms export records, because all ESSM exports are going to the US. But we know they do not stay there.

The reason for the temporarily import of Hawk trainer aircraft parts from the United Arab Emirates to the Netherlands and back again to the Emirates, reported in the 2017 overview, is unclear. It is not a major deal (4 x € 54.000), but the Gulf states depend on trainers for their air operations against Yemen, according to Defense News of February 2018. The producer of the Hawk trainer, British Aerospace Systems (BAES) established an repair and overhaul facility in the UAE in 2017. But even if the advanced trainers are not directly involved in the conflict, the planes are used to train the fighter pilots creating suffering and havoc for the people of Yemen.

It is not the size of the individual licenses for components (although some have a large value), but the enormity which makes the issue of components important. The export mainly follows negotiations during the acquisition of large systems which guarantees a Dutch role in the production of major weapon systems. Reporting of component export should at least provide insight in for what specific weapons systems the components are sold. Reporting should not mention naval vessels, but SIGMA 10514; not C3, but fire control radar, not aircraft but C-130 or F-16, not missile but ESSM etc. Moreover, the Netherlands should not only negotiate sales, but also public access to information on the final destination of major weapon systems with Dutch components. It makes a huge difference if this destination is Belgium or Bahrain.

Written for Stop Wapenhandel

MB July 23 2018

zondag 22 juli 2018

Week 29 in #wapenhandel25tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.
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Netherlands / Nederland (see 20)

See tweet 2
1 – 170718: Dutch plan to sign #Reaper drone deal next week. #Fokker in Helmond, Netherlands already produces parts for them. https://www.reuters.com/article/dutch-drones/update-1-dutch-plan-to-sign-reaper-drone-deal-next-week-sources-idUSL8N1U95BY

2 – 170718: Het eerste contract in de NAG stand op Farnborough 2018 is getekend: AMBER - Affordable Multi Beam Radar. TNO, GKN Aerospace, Boeing, min EZK/CMP (by Twitter)

See tweet 3.
3 – 180718: Boeing and Netherlands sign agreement for attack en transport helicopter sustainment https://www.defensenews.com/digital-show-dailies/farnborough/2018/07/17/boeing-and-netherlands-sign-agreement-for-helicopter-sustainment/

4 – 190718: New Dutch government transit spreadsheet. In June some ammo from Brazil to Germany and South-African fuzes for Switzerland, the rest almost all sports and hunter rifles. Nothing I really worry about. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/rapporten/2016/10/01/overzicht-doorvoer-militaire-goederen

EUROPE

Belgium / België

5 – 190718: French offsets for Wallonian (Belgium) FN Herstal, CMI and Thales Hasselt for acquisition of armoured vehicles, valued at € 1.1 billion. [in Dutch] http://www.knack.be/s/r/c/1175079 via @knack

Finland / Suomi

Germany / Deutchland (see 4, 30)

6 – 220718: Study: German banks finance the war in Yemen [in German] Studie: Deutsche Banken finanzieren den Krieg im Jemen http://www.badische-zeitung.de/nachrichten/wirtschaft/studie-deutsche-banken-finanzieren-den-krieg-im-jemen-mit via @badischezeitung

Spain / España

7 – 170718: Spanish Navantia supports blockade of Yemen with 5 new corvettes (value € 1.8bn). | Jane's 360 http://www.janes.com/article/81783/navantia-deal-creates-saudi-joint-venture#.W04sUiR9Vso.twitter

Sweden / Sverige

8 – 170718: Indian BEL and Swedish Saab collaborate on RAWL-03 L-band 3D air surveillance radar system | Jane's 360 http://www.janes.com/article/81787/bel-and-saab-collaborate-on-radars#.W04sClUiDB4.twitter

Switzerland / Suisse (see 4)

Turkey / Türkiye

9 – 160718: Past, present and future defence industrial cooperation between Turkey and UK: Turkish Defence and Aerospace industry accomplished exports of $64.069,24 Million to the United Kingdom in 2016, and $48.538,51 Million in 2017 (a 24% decrease). http://www.defenceturkey.com/en/content/past-and-present-cooperation-within-the-defence-industry-between-turkey-and-the-united-kingdom-3094#.W0xcmx_26vg.twitter

10 – 170718: Next step in Turkish Air Defence Soap. Featuring: Recep, Vladimir and Donald. http://gulftoday.ae  | US in talks with Turkey to sell Patriot system http://www.gulftoday.ae/portal/a61992bb-9160-407e-bf68-5a2610c739b3.aspx

11 – 170718: Turkey acquits top journalist in reporting on 'covert arms trafficking' case http://bit.ly/2NXf2Vl via @dailystarleb

12 – 190718: Turkey Protests US Effort to Block Sale of F-35 Fighters https://www.voanews.com/a/turkey-protesting-us-effort-to-block-sale-of-f-35-fighters/4487967.html

UK (see also 9, 23, 26)

13 – 170718: UK almost doubles arms sales to countries on governments list of human rights abusers, figures reveal https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/uk-arms-sales-double-human-rights-abusers-china-saudi-arabia-israel-yemen-a8452101.html

NATO/US (see also 10)

14 – 170718: De VS verdient dik aan de NAVO, schrijft Henk Witte https://joop.bnnvara.nl/opinies/de-vs-verdient-dik-aan-de-navo

15 – 170718: Why is President Trump asking Canada and Europe to spend more money on the military? Is it to further enrich the pockets of his plutocrat military industrial friends? http://www.thesudburystar.com/2018/07/16/letter-we-should-denuclearize-not-spend

16 – 170718: An unfortunate record to break: US has already sold more weapons this year than all 2017: $47B. https://breakingdefense.com/2018/07/the-u-s-has-already-sold-more-weapons-this-year-than-all-of-2017/

17 – 170718: In any case it is not to create jobs for the unemployed. Military Spending Is Up, but Aerospace and Defense Workers Are Scarce. No it creates competition with other jobs. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/16/us/military-aerospace-defense-workers.html

REST of the world

Australia

18 – 200718: Australia calls for greater powers to control defence exports | Jane's 360 http://www.janes.com/article/81854/australia-calls-for-greater-powers-to-control-defence-exports#.W1GVnEL5f-o.twitter

Brasil (see also 4)

19 – 210718: Ukrainian state firm Ukrinmash details design bid for Brazilian corvette competition. It is is proposing the Thales Nederland TACTICOS series combat management system (CMS) for the corvette. | Jane's 360 http://www.janes.com/article/81897/ukrainian-state-firm-ukrinmash-details-design-bid-for-brazilian-corvette-competition#.W1OLAYkWPyE.twitter

Canada (see 25)
China / Zhōngguó (see 21)
India (see 8, 23)
Russia / Rossija (see 10)

Saudi Arabia / Al-Arabiyah as Sa'udiyah (see also 7)

20 – 190718: Lockheed Martin wins $450M contract to support construction of Saudi Arabia's four $11.25bn surface ships http://www.defenseworld.net/news/22955#.W1B2ZdIzbg8 For the Netherlands see also: https://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2016/01/dutch-missile-technology-to-saudi-arabia.html

South Africa (see 4)

Taiwan / Táiwān

21 – 170718: Taiwan's Apache fleet goes into service amid China tensions http://toi.in/4CK-Jb/a24gk  via @TOIWorld https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/rest-of-world/taiwans-apache-fleet-goes-into-service-amid-china-tensions/articleshow/65021275.cms

Ukraine / Ukrajina (see 19)
Yemen / Al-Yaman (see 6, 7)

DEFENCE-INDUSTRY
Damen (see 25)

Fokker (see 1, 2)

22 – 190718: Second NH90 Sea Lion prototype helicopter begins qualification phase #Fokker https://www.naval-technology.com/news/second-nh90-sea-lion-prototype-helicopter-begins-qualification-phase/ via @DefenceTech_Mag

23 – 220718: GKN Fokker Elmo and State of Maharashtra (India) signed a MoU for investment in a 2nd manufacturing facility for wiring systems in India. It will operate alongside a existing Joint Venture in Bangalore serving the defence market. https://www.aero-mag.com/gkn-aerospace-establishes-new-wiring-facility-india/

Thales (see also 19)


25 – 220718: Bids to be submitted today for the (between $55 billion and $60 bn program) Canadian Surface Combatant – the countdown begins. Dutch shipbuilder Damen, Lockheed Martin, SAAB, Navantia all compete for the 15 ship order. https://ottawacitizen.com/news/national/defence-watch/bids-to-be-submitted-today-for-canadian-surface-combatant-the-countdown-begins

WEAPENS

Arms fairs

26 – 170718: Farnborough guest list was just published: includes Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE, Turkey...some of the world's worst regimes for human rights abuses, meeting with the world's biggest weapons makers. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/farnborough-international-airshow-2018

Drones (see 1)

F-35 (see also 12)

27 – 170718: Most European governments prefer to strengthen the US military aeronautic industry. Not the European. Isn't it? What waits in the wings for Europe’s next, next-gen fighter? https://www.defensenews.com/digital-show-dailies/farnborough/2018/07/10/what-waits-in-the-wings-for-europes-next-next-gen-fighter/

Speciale Forces

28 – 170718: The advantage of SOF ops. Knowbody knows, not those controlling the Government. Special Operations Forces Continue to Expand Across the World—Without Congressional Oversight via @thenation https://www.thenation.com/article/special-operations-forces-continue-expand-across-world-without-congressional-oversight/

OTHER

Defence budget (see 14-15)

Research and activism (see also 6)

29 – 170718: How to block an entrance to get Lockheed Martin out of a university program. https://www.wri-irg.org/en/story/2018/lockout-lockheed-melbourne-students-take-direct-action-against-university-contract

30 – 190718: Military research everywhere and malaria still killing 500.000 people annually. Germany Defence and Interior ministry officials push for creation of a new agency this year that will study disruptive technologies relevant to Germany’s defense and security. https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2018/07/18/germany-wants-its-own-version-of-darpa-and-within-the-year/

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek