zondag 14 oktober 2018

Week 41 in #wapenhandel25tweets

(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.
Please like or share if it is helpful or interesting for you.)
Keep space for peace protest and Menwith Hill (see tweet 30)

Netherlands / Nederland (see 29)

1 – 091018: Parliamentary Q&A Bruins-Slot (CDA). Decision on next step in replacement of Dutch submarines delayed. Defence Industry Strategy #DIS report will be published earlier. [in Dutch] https://www.tweedekamer.nl/downloads.docx

2 – 101018: One of the largest Dutch export permissions in 2017 concerned corvette seized naval vessels for Pakistan (called Ocean Patrol Vessels, OPV, by Damen). https://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2018/10/netherlands-pakistans-3rd-source-of-arms.html

3 – 111018: Letter by Dutch Foreign Trade and Development Aid Minister Kaag on Dutch and Belgian deliverances of acetone to Syria. The Dutch company involved illegally continued shipments after warning by Dutch customs, following a Russian route. [in Dutch] https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2018/10/11/kamerbrief-over-levering-van-aceton-aan-syrie

EUROPE

4 – 101018: The EU member states systematic failure to apply EU rules on arms export control should be addressed by wider transparency and sanctions mechanism, said the resolution approved by 27 votes to four. The full EP is to vote on it in November in Strasbourg. https://www.kuna.net.kw/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=2750272&language=en

5 – 111018: The European Commission recently issued draft guidelines on the core elements that European industry should take into account when implementing internal export controls and sanctions compliance programs. The guidance is legally non-binding. https://www.steptoeinternationalcomplianceblog.com/2018/10/eu-promotes-export-controls-and-sanctions-compliance-programs/

Belgium / België (see 3)

France (see also 11)

6 – 111018: The Supreme Court yesterday asked the Indian Government to reveal how it selected the Dassault Rafale. But by not insisting on the process of the aircraft’s tech and price evaluation, it has effectively given the Government a pass on in the process. https://www.dailypioneer.com/2018/columnists/rafale-blows-over.html

7 – 111018: A political freeze (on Libya and migrants) between paris and Rome one reason of the blocked merger between Ficantieri and the Naval Group. The position of Thales another. https://www.latribune.fr/entreprises-finance/industrie/aeronautique-defense/naval-group-fincantieri-pourquoi-ca-fait-pshittttt-793585.html (Some more on the same issue on my twitter account in English and French)

Germany / Deutchland

8 – 091018: Critisism on KSA (arms export) policy of German FA minister Maas swells. [in German]
Außenminister Heiko Maas wird in den eigenen Reihen kritisiert: Viele SPD-Bundestagsabgeordnete stört sein Umgang mit dem Regime im saudischen Riad. https://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/nach-entfuehrungsfall-kaschoggi-ist-heiko-maas-zu-weich-gegenueber-saudi-arabien/23161986.html

Italy / Italia (see 14)

UK (see also 27, 28)

9 – 111018: It is a question of timing, isn't it? UK Natural History Museum defends hosting Saudi embassy event. https://www.gulf-times.com/story/609146

REST of the world

Argentine

10 – 091018: The juridical process is so slow that former Argentine President Carlos Menem escapes prison for illegally selling arms to Croatia (1991) and Ecuador (1995). [in French] https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2018/10/05/argentine-a-cause-de-la-lenteur-de-la-justice-l-ex-president-carlos-menem-echappe-a-la-prison_5365444_3210.html

Bahrain / Al-Bahrayn (see 28)
Croatia (see 10)
Ecuador (see 10)

India (see also 24)

11 – 081018: 'Fishy' Rafale Jet Deal for India reaches the columns of New York Times. The Congress Party has found a new spring in its step by hounding PM Narendra Modi over the purchase of fighter jets from France, a deal that it says raises questions of corruption. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/06/world/asia/india-narendra-modi-bjp.html

12 – 091018: Russian arms sales to India and the geostrategical situation in the Indian Ocean, where Indian, Chinese, Russian and US interests meet. https://www.livemint.com/Opinion/14v6bSkB1VeK8FqfcnffTJ/Opinion--Indias-S400-balancing-act.html

13 – 101018: Implications of Indo-Israel defence nexus in South Asia https://dailytimes.com.pk/308405/implications-of-indo-israel-defence-nexus-in-south-asia/

Iran (see 23)
Israël / Isra'il (see 13)

Libië / Lībīyah

14 – 141018: Italy’s premier says 2 Italian fishing vessels seized by Libyan forces earlier this week are returning home. The self-styled Libyan National Army had announced it had seized the vessels in Libyan territorial waters & brought them to port Ras al-Hilal. https://www.navytimes.com/news/your-navy/2018/10/12/libyan-forces-to-return-seize-italian-vessels/

Pakistan / Pākistān

15 – 101018: View from Pakistan: The global arms trade is most unethical of all profit-making businesses. When the entire world should be moving towards gradual but systematic disarmament it continues to travel in the opposite direction. All the while preaching peace. https://dailytimes.com.pk/308507/arms-race-2/

Russia / Rossija (see 12, 29)

Saudi Arabia / Al-Arabiyah as Sa'udiyah (see also 8, 9)

16 – 141018: Saudi crown prince M.B.S. knows how to push buttons, speaking about reform and playing the US like a fiddle. His willingness to sound accepting of Israel may also be one reason Trump is willing to embrace M.B.S. even as he was out of control at home. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/13/opinion/sunday/saudi-arabia-mbs-jamal-khashoggi.html

Somalia / Soomaaliya (see 19)

South Korea / Hanguk

17 – 141018: US (Japanese) missile defence weapons for Korea. South Korea to buy ship-based interceptors sm-3 to counter ballistic missile threats https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2018/10/12/south-korea-to-buy-ship-based-interceptors-to-counter-ballistic-missile-threats/

Syria / Suriyah (see 3)

UAE / Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah (see also 20)

18 – 081018: Boeing Co. awarded a $242,109,170 modification to FMS contract with United Arab Emirates for the remanufacture of eight, and procurement of nine new-build Apache AH-64E attack heli's. https://dod.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/1656310/

19 – 111018: UAE violating Somalia arms embargo: Report @AJENews https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/10/uae-violating-somalia-arms-embargo-report-181010121417061.html

Ukraine / Ukrajina

20 – 141018: The UAE Is Letting Ukraine Help With Its Arms Industry: As a non-EU state with Ukraine is a dark horse in the global arms trade selling dual use technology and equipment everywhere, especially to war-torn countries and sanctioned regimes. https://21stcenturyasianarmsrace.com/2018/10/12/the-uae-is-letting-ukraine-help-with-its-arms-industry/

DEFENCE-INDUSTRY

Damen (see also 2)

21 – 101018: Prominent Dutch military shipbuilder and arms exporter (like Libya, Pakistan, Venezuela, UAE) Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding announced as one of the Fan sponsors of SAIL Amsterdam 2020. /
Terwijl het nog niet bekend is waarom de #FIOD met veel machtsvertoon bij het bedrijf binnenviel, haalt Amsterdam militaire scheepsbouwer #Damen (leverde recent nog aan Libië, Pakistan, VAE en Venezuela) binnen als hoofdsponsor van #SAIL. https://www.damen.com/news/2018/10/damen_schelde_naval_shipbuilding_announced_as_one_of_the_fan_sponsors_of_sail_amsterdam_2020

22 – 101018: Dutch National Dance theater funded by Netherlands biggest arms exporters (Pakistan, Indonesia, Morocco, Panama, Tunesia, Turkey, Venezuela, UAE etc.): Damen shipyards.

23 – 141018: Arms sale of the past, still floating around. Iran transfers #Damen build (1988-1991) ship to Konarak base | Jane's 360 https://www.janes.com/article/83734/iran-transfers-ship-to-konarak-base#.W8MEASesHwk.twitter

Fokker

24 – 101018: Lockheed Martin, Tata to hold suppliers' meet in India to create F-16 jets' manufacturing group. Prominent among them are GE, Terma, Honeywell, #Fokker, Israeli Aerospace Industries, Elbit, UTC, Terma, Eaton, Moog, Parker, and others. leaders.http://brahmand.com/news/Lockheed-Martin-Tata-to-hold-suppliers-meet-in-India-to-create-F16-jets-manufacturing-ecosystem/16622/1/14.html

Thales

25 – 081018: Raytheon Missile Systems awarded a $22,619,574 contract for Standard Missile-2 and Standard Missile-6 spares. Work will be performed at among others Thales Hengelo, Netherlands (9 percent). https://dod.defense.gov/News/Contracts/Contract-View/Article/1648706/

WEAPENS

F-35

26 – 191018: Readiness figures of US military aircraft (e.g. F-35, FA-18, F-22, F-16), would be nice to have similar figures on European planes to compare. https://www.defensenews.com/air/2018/10/09/mattis-orders-fighter-jet-readiness-to-jump-to-80-percent-in-one-year/

Missile defence (see 17)

Observation technology (IT)

27 – 081018: Government urged to halt overseas sales of surveillance devices Human rights groups flag exports of equipment to authoritarian regimes https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/06/government-halt-surveillance-kit-sales-authoritarian-countries

28 – 141018: “A British spyware manufacturer is facing legal action from Bahraini dissidents over allegations it sold products to Bahrain knowing they would be used to crack down on protests during the Arab spring.” https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/oct/11/bahraini-arab-spring-dissidents-sue-uk-spyware-maker

Submarines (see 1)

OTHER

Defence budget

29 – 08-091018: Nederland gaf vorig jaar al weer meer geld aan de krijgsmacht uit als in 1998. / The climb ended in 2010, but US military expenditures still much higher as they were befor
9/11. / Asymmetrical warfare is more often debated than asynchronicity in military expenses.

Refugees (see 7, 14)

Research and activism

30 – 111018: Needed voice: Space-focused peace protest at Menwith Hill https://www.ilkleygazette.co.uk/news/16977503.space-focused-peace-protest-at-menwith-hill/

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek

dinsdag 9 oktober 2018

Netherlands Pakistan's 3rd source of arms


Dutch arms exports in 2017 are projected as dots on a map published online by Stop Wapenhandel (Stop Arms Trade) from the Netherlands. Eye catching for Asia is the big dot covering Pakistan. Karachi was a major client for Dutch arms in 2017. Which is peculiar for several reasons: First because the Dutch have overall a restrictive arms export policy. And second because the South Asian country is declining destination for Western arms at a fast rate. This last development is strongly motivated by the situation in Pakistan and by how the political developments are perceived.

Turmoil

Pakistan has a troubled relationship with its neighbours. The tensions with Pakistan's main neighbour India on issues such as Kashmir are well known and included maritime disputes. In neighbouring Afghanistan Pakistan is supporting armed opposition for years already, and no end in sight. This is one the reasons this opposition is so hard to repress. The Pakistan military and its intelligence branch is playing a major role in this. The Dutch who are selling arms to karachi were contributing substantially to the military campaign to pacify Afghanistan. The campaign is receiving major contributions from the Netherlands in money, matériel, training and also thousands of troops.

The internal situation in Pakistan itself is also far from stable. The Pakistani armed forces are neglecting or even ignoring violent opposition or in other cases using excessive force to control the armed opposition. That Pakistan is not able and willing to quell internal Islamist movements has been reason for US Congress to aim for the end of the American Foreign Military Sales program. When this US financial support was removed, US arms were no longer affordable for Karachi.

The debate on the country is sometimes harshly voiced, like by the Republican Congressman Ted Poe: “For years, Pakistan has acted as a Benedict Arnold ally [is a traitor] of the United States. From harbouring Osama bin Laden to backing the Taliban, Pakistan has stubbornly refused to go after, in any meaningful way, terrorists that actively seek to harm opposing ideologies.”

The deal

Table 1: Dutch arms sales to Pakistan in 2017
Date license
SGP
CAT
Description
origin
Country of origin
Value (€)
3-8-2017
ML5b
A10
Parts for radar- en C3-systems
Netherlands
Netherlands
500,000
13-1-2017
ML10a
B10
Parts for Orion patrol aircraft
Netherlands
US
750,000
15-12-2017
ML9a2
B10
Parts for patrol vessels
Netherlands
Netherlands
2,221,500
16-11-2017
ML9a
A10
Parts for patrol vessels
Netherlands
Netherlands
66,230,000
31-3-2017
ML11a
B4
Electronic equipment specially designed for military use
Netherlands
France
74,400

The factual reason for the large dot on the map of Stop Wapenhandel is the sale of two patrol vessels of corvette seize. The export license for the sale has an amount of € 66 million (see table 1). The ships are included in the SIPRI Trade Register database, but not yet in the TIV database (see table 2) for reasons of methodologicy (to make sure to have the input correctly and once, SIPRI includes arms transfers into the TIV at the moment a sale is finalised).

Table 2: Arms exports to Pakistan 2010-2017, Trend Indicator Value

2010
2014
2015
2016
2017
Total
2010-2017
China
747
413
597
673
514
4,824
United States
1,027
198
73
39
21
2,054
Russia
31
23
44
49
90
331
Italy
50

12
12
30
312
Sweden
244
4
4
4
4
272
Ukraine
66
5
1
4
5
213
Jordan
0
114



138
Turkey
0

24

8
98
Switzerland
0


20
20
39
France
8
4



32
Brazil
0
5
6
5
5
25
Canada
0

18


18
United Kingdom
0



14
14
Germany
8




13
Libya
10




10
Spain
0




10
Malta
0

5


5
Total
2,189
767
784
806
710
8,409
Source: SIPRI Arms Transfers Database,
Generated: 25 September 2018

KARACHI: June 12 2017 contract for Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV), signing by
MD KS&EW Rear Admiral Hasan Nasir Shah, DMP Navy Cdre Shafqat Azad SI(M),
representative of DAMEN (The Netherlands) and and Ambassador of Netherlands,
Mrs. Jeannette Seppen.
The sale has been communicated widely in the press, months before an export license was granted. The ambassador of the Netherlands attended the contract ceremony already in June 2017, a sign of political backing for the deal. From that point an irreversible position was taken, a denial of an arms export permission would have been a lost face for the Dutch diplomat. The actual export license was issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in November 2017. Although the sale concerned a serious issue: export of major weapon system to an unstable and controversial country, providing the export license seems to be handled as a administrative formality.

Navy

The ships are axe bowed and build at the Damen wharf in Romania. They are based on a design by Delft University, the Dutch Navy, and naval technology institute Marin in Wageningen. The vessels will be based on the Damen OPV1800, but slightly larger (1900 tons).

Damen itself lists ships above 50 meters as naval vessels. The ships for Pakistan will have a much greater length, 90 meters. Pakistan is well aware of this potential and buys the corvette-sized ships reportedly “to recapitalise its surface fleet. Cost is a major factor behind these decisions, corvettes are cheaper to procure and operate than frigates.” The ships will be used eg. for anti surface and air operations, day and night helicopter use, and for intelligence gathering, according to an Pakistani Navy article.

Weapons

According to the Damen cataloques the OPV1800 is suited to carry a 76mm naval canon; 2 x 20 mm guns; fire control radar; the vessel is fitted with an flight deck, hangar and refueling for helicopter size up to Sea King or NH90; and suited with gun control; fitted with required armament and sensors, the necessary ammunition stores, data/electrical support systems.

Damen has delivered similar OPV1800's to the United Arab Emirates. Those vessels are armed with a BAE Systems 57mm gun and two Leonardo 30mm guns and a missile launcher for self defence. Thales provided fire control, radar, sensors and combat systems to the Emirates

For the Pakistan vessels there is no information available on the combat systems, fire control and weapons. Normally this information is published in the specialised press. Is it China who will fit the ships with military technology and weapons (for reasons of price and/or alignment) and is this kept confidential?

China

Pakistan is geographically positioned at the Indian Ocean and provides an entrance to Central Asia. China has (maritime) connections with Pakistan by its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Pakistan's Gwadar Port is a major chain in this Belt. China itself becomes more assertive to defend its interests in the Indian Ocean and a position in Gwadar is helpful for this. China also replaced the US as an important source for Pakistans' arms. As the nationalist channel for Chinese foreign policy Global Times states it: “There is no military alliance between China and Pakistan, but China's arms exports to Pakistan are a powerful weapon to safeguard the South Asian country's military sovereignty.”

To underline the importance of the Dutch deal: the European Union information on arms exports by its member states showed that in 2016 only France had exports to Pakistan higher than € 66m (the value of the license for the ships), followed by Italy with exports for € 22 million. For 2017 the Netherlands will be Karachi's 3rd largest arms provider, after China and Russia. A naval vessel able to operate the latest helicopters and fitted with a cannon which can be used for air, see and land targets is not only a major weapon platform, it is also a major deal.

Geschreven voor Stop Wapenhandel

zondag 7 oktober 2018

Week 40 in #wapenhandel25tweets


(Gaarne 'liken' of delen als je het nuttig of interessant vindt.
Please like or share if it is helpful or interesting for you.)

See tweet 29

Netherlands / Nederland (see also 14, 20)

1 – 011018: Dutch dual-use exports in 08/2018. Remarkable:

2 – 011018: Questions in Parliament by MP Karabulut (SP) on transit of arms through Schiphol airport and other air and sea ports. Doorvoer van militaire goederen via Schiphol en anderen Nederlandse havens. https://www.tweedekamer.nl/kamerstukken/kamervragen/detail?id=2018Z17273&did=2018D46894

3 – 021018: Considerations on Dutch non-lethal assistance to Syrian groups looked at from internal juridical by Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Iron bars used to connect camera's (but also arms) highest risk to be contra juridical obligations. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2018/10/01/kamerbrief-over-juridische-adviezen-over-niet-letale-steun-nla

EUROPE (see also 27)

4 – 051018: MEPs condemn attacks on civilians, including children, in Yemen. One solution they recommend is: Stop selling arms to parties at war.

Those MEP's may visit their national capitals and own party offices to urge them to follow this advise.


5 – 061018: New paper on the further development of the EU common position on arms exports, prepared by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) experts for the European Parliament Sub-Committee on Security & Defence (SEDE), has been published online. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2018/603876/EXPO_STU(2018)603876_EN.pdf

6 – 061018: UK&US will be allowed to join some EU military projects. In May, a group led by Benelux countries pushed for #Pesco to be opened up. France is concerned this would deny EU27 industries defence work. Austria&Greece that EU would've to offer Turkey the same. https://www.politico.eu/article/pesco-military-uk-and-us-will-be-allowed-to-join-some-eu-military-projects/

7 – 061018: Blog on Europe and Killer Robots [in Dutch] Killer robots met Europese subsidie? http://vreedzaameu.blogspot.com/2018/09/killer-robots-met-europese-subsidie_27.html

(EP Defence and Security (SEDE) is organising public hearing on 'Artificial intelligence and its future impact on security' on 10/10/18, from 09.00 http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/sede/home.html)



Belgium / België (see 16, 21, 22)

France (see also 19, 26)

8 – 031018: Mattis offers easing of US export limits on French Scalp cruise missile. Pending French arms deals with #Qatar and #Egypt include technology still requiring Washington's approval. https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2018/10/02/mattis-offers-easing-of-us-export-limits-on-french-cruise-missile/

9 – 031018: Naval Group, a French shipbuilder, sought to play down media reports of a potential collapse of talks for a major contract with Australia for 12 ocean-going submarines, with elections looming next year in the Commonwealth nation. https://www.defensenews.com/digital-show-dailies/euronaval/2018/10/02/naval-group-talks-with-australia-still-underway-for-sub-buy/

10 – 031018: Sale of 2.35% of Safran will provide €1.24bn to the French State Afterwards it will still remain the largest shareholder of Safran, with 10.81%. https://www.latribune.fr/entreprises-finance/industrie/aeronautique-defense/la-vente-de-2-35-de-safran-va-rapporter-1-24-milliard-d-euros-a-l-etat-792363.html

Germany / Deutchland

11 – 071018: SPD vice fraction chair Rolf Mützenich on German arms exports to Saudi Arabia told Der Spiegel: "We doubt if the transfers are according the coalition agreement." [in German]

Italy / Italia

12 – 061018: The good news: Italy’s new government has halted plans for a new missile defense system amid reports it will reduce defense procurements in 2019 to help fund welfare spending and tax cuts. https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2018/10/04/italy-stalls-on-missile-program-as-budget-cuts-loom/

Turkey / Türkiye

13 – 051018: Turkey to get two more F-35 fighter jets in March 2019 - Turkey News http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkey-to-get-two-more-f-35-fighter-jets-in-march-2019-137434 via @HDNER



UK

REST of the world

Algerije / Al-Jazā'ir
15 – 061018: Algiers recently began buying from EU & US arms makers but keeps Russia as its key weapons provider, partly due to a geopolitical calculation that its main regional rival, Morocco, will remain a closer military ally to Europe and the United States. https://thearabweekly.com/algeria-seeks-avoid-us-sanctions-over-russian-arms-purchases

Argentine (see 1)

Australia (see also 9)

16 – 021018: Australian Lithgow is expected to continue to play a vital role in the collaboration between Thales Australia and Belgium-based FN Herstal. http://www.lithgowmercury.com.au/story/5676925/lithgow-arms-growth-thales-agreement-may-lead-to-new-opportunities/?cs=1464 via @lithgowmercury

Central African Republic / Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka (see 24)

China / Zhōngguó

17 – 011018: China researches new laser satellite to search for submerged submarines as deep as 500 meters. It also invests in a more feasible project on microwave radar, also mounted on the satellite, to search for disturbances at the surface. https://www.scmp.com/news/china/science/article/2166413/will-chinas-new-laser-satellite-become-death-star-submarines via @SCMPNews

18 – 051018: More on Patrick Ho. He sold arms to Libya and Qatar. https://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/law-and-crime/article/2166847/former-hong-kong-minister-patrick-ho-accused-being  via @SCMPNews

Egypt / Mişr (see 8)

Georgia / Sak'art'velo

19 – 041018: France delivers ground-based surveillance radars and short range anti-aircraft missile systems to Georgia. Georgian Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze said https://civil.ge/archives/256027

Indonesia

20 – 031018: Indonesia ratified defence agreements with the Netherlands and Saudi Arabia on facilitation of defence trade and related industrial collaboration; to engage with both in military R&D projects; and military exchanges, training and education programmes. https://www.janes.com/article/83523/indonesia-ratifies-defence-agreements#.W7T8WSIn7CI.twitter

Kenya

21 – 041018: MD Helicopters has confirmed orders from Kenya for 6 MD530Fs. The MD530Fs include 62mm ballistic protection, FN Herstal .50 caliber HMP 400 machine gun pods, and M260 seven-round rocket pods. https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/md-helicopters-confirms-kenyan-lebanese-md530-deal-452390/

Lebanon

22 – 041018: The Lebanese Armed Forces will receive 6 light attack helicopters from MD Helicopters. This is the 3rd delivery of a 5-year $1.4bn light scout attack helicopter IDIQ contract. The Lebanese MD-530Gs will be equipped with FN Herstal Weapons Management Sys. https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/md-helicopters-confirms-kenyan-lebanese-md530-deal-452390/

Libya / Lībīyah (see 18)

Morocco / Al-Maghrib (see 15)
New Zealand (see 29)

Pakistan / Pākistān

23 – 031018: No doubt the Pakistan India conflict has been kept alive by weapons' sellers too... https://independentindian.com/2015/03/03/pakistans-indias-illusions-of-power-psychosis-vs-vanity/ Or rather, given the lucrativeness of the weapons' business plus excess capacity & production, there's no incentive to seek solutions to the conflict

Qatar (see 8, 18)

Russia / Rossija (see also 1)

24 – 021018: Russian journalist Orkhan Dzhemal (https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q4160144), who was shot dead in the Central African Republic (CAR) in July, conducted his own journalistic investigation into possible "unaccounted" arms supplies from Russia, Russian independent TV channel Dozhd said on 28/09/18.

Saudi Arabia / Al-Arabiyah as Sa'udiyah (see also 2, 4, 11, 20)

25 – 041018: US global exports in 2017 accounted for $1550bn. Arms sales to Riyadh were < US$20bn. Economic value is thus relatively small, but the destructive value enormous. Not a key factor in US economic growth. http://www.alriyadhdaily.com/article/85fb9a0b49e6439e847e463a90c081b8 via @alRiyadhDaily

Syria / Suriyah (see 3)
Thailand / Prathēt Thai (see 1)

UAE / Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah

26 – 041018: Those same Leclerc tanks that Al Yousef’s dealings allowed the UAE to purchase are now rolling down highways in Yemen, in a war where human rights atrocities are uncountable. Secret Wikileaks Document on France UAE Arms Deal Raises Questions | Al Bawaba. https://www.albawaba.com//news/secret-wikileaks-document-france-uae-arms-deal-raises-questions-1194558

Ukraine / Ukrajina

27 – 061018: Ukraine will switch to an EU-compliant unified list of dual-use goods subject to export control later this month, according to the State Service of Export Control of Ukraine. https://www.worldecr.com/news/ukraine-issues-unified-list-of-dual-use-goods/ (More info can be found Only in Ukrainian): http://www.dsecu.gov.ua/control/uk/index

United States

28 – 061018: Make America great again by selling weapons.
Europe 1st (US$ 37,34bn),
Gulf/Middle East 2nd (US$ 22.12bn)
Asia-pacific 3rd (US$ 8.85bn)

Yemen / Al-Yaman (see 4, 26)

WEAPENS

Arms fairs

29 – 021018: New Zealand: Amid protests over a 'defence industry forum/weapons expo' mayor of Palmerston North City prommises tighter rules so venues meet ethical standards. Opponents say the city should be clear about rejecting "truly vile weapons" and "blood money". https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/107508409/defence-industry-forum-to-go-ahead-at-council-venue-despite-protests

F-35 (see also 13-14)

30 – 031018: On the cost of the F-35, operating (the different types A, B, C) and Turkey will still receive 100 of the fighters, despite the noise made giving potentially a different impression? https://breakingdefense.com/2018/10/f-35-hourly-flying-costs-plunge-12k-turkey-still-getting-100-f-35s/

Nukes

31 – 011018: Military spending on nuclear weapons is hard to estimate. A new SIPRI piece on the Russian case gives an idea of the problems and opacity surrounding the topic. New commentary from SIPRI's Associate Senior Fellow, Professor Julian Cooper: https://www.sipri.org/commentary/topical-backgrounder/2018/how-much-does-russia-spend-nuclear-weapons

Robot weapons / AI (see 7)

Satellites (see also 17)

32 – 041018: Militarization of space: Trump’s new Space Force may target a rising China, Beijing’s confidence about its technological development make it unlikely to be destabilised in the way the Soviet Union was by Star Wars, say military analysts. https://www.scmp.com/news/china/military/article/2166844/why-donald-trumps-new-space-force-cant-hurt-china-star-wars-hurt via @SCMPNews

Small Arms (see 16, 21, 22)
Submarines (see 9, 16, 17)

OTHER

Corruption and fraud (see 26)
Defence budget (see 12)
Research and activism (see 29, 31)

This is a selection from a larger amount of tweets. Tweets with a relation the Netherlands, arms trade and defence-industry weight heavier in the selection. If you want to have them daily see http://twitter.com/martinbroek