maandag 12 april 2021

Afbraak wapenexportcontrole

In hun streven naar een Europese wapenindustrie willen Duitsland en Frankrijk meer samenwerken op het gebied van wapenproductie en daarvoor bedenken ze nieuwe regels. De relatief strikte Duitse uitleg van de wapenexportrichtlijnen dreigt daarmee op een hellend vlak te komen. En in het kielzog van beide grote landen dreigt dit ook te gaan gelden voor het wapenexportbeleid van andere Europese landen.

Eind 2019 had de European Round Table, een lobbyvereniging waar ook de bazen van de grote Europese wapenindustrieën deel van uitmaken, een speciale bijeenkomst in Toulouse, Frankrijk. Ze kregen daar gezelschap van Angela Merkel en Francois Macron. Op de agenda stond “een ambitieuzer Europees industrie- en innovatiebeleid.”

Eerder in 2019 presenteerden de Duitse bondskanselier en de Franse president al het Verdrag van Aken, waarmee hun militaire samenwerking werd geformaliseerd. Er waren daarna nog wel enkele hordes te nemen. Frankrijk wilde de mogelijkheid hebben gezamenlijk geproduceerde militaire goederen naar Saoedi-Arabië te exporteren, terwijl Duitsland een wapenembargo tegen het Saoedische koninkrijk heeft. In aanwezigheid van de top van de Europese militaire industrie hebben Merkel en Macron in de verklaring van Toulouse hun meningsverschillen over wapenexportcontrole bijgelegd. Deze verklaring versoepelt de industriële samenwerking op defensiegebied tussen Frankrijk en Duitsland, met name voor het toekomstige ambitieuze luchtwapensysteem (het Future Combat Air System, FCAS of Next Generation Weapon System, NGWS) en de gevechtstank European Main Battle Tank (de European Main Battle Tank, EMBT of Main Ground Combat System, MGCS), twee van de belangrijkste Europese wapensystemen die momenteel ontwikkeld worden. Daarnaast bevat de verklaring een bijlage van twee pagina's met wapensystemen die van deze samenwerking worden uitgezonderd. Dat zijn handvuurwapens, artillerie, munitie, projectielen en luchtframes en motoren voor militaire vliegtuigen, tankkoepels en chassis.

Kern van 'Toulouse' is informatie-uitwisseling in een vroeg stadium van een project, om onenigheid in een later stadium te voorkomen. Gewoonlijk wordt wapenexport gereguleerd door het Gemeenschappelijk Standpunt van de EU ( 2008/944 / GBVB) en het VN-Wapenhandelsverdrag (ATT). De belangrijkste verandering is dat wanneer er problemen ontstaan over de interpretatie van deze wapenexportregels, er in 'Toulouse' wordt gedefinieerd dat een zogenaamde de-minimisverklaring leidend is. Dit betekent dat wanneer subsystemen en componenten minder dan 20 procent van het wapensysteem uitmaken, het land waar het systeem wordt geassembleerd de exportbeslissing kan nemen (een vergelijkbare de-minimis wordt gevolgd in geval van reparatie, opleiding en revisie). Een specifieke export kan worden stopgezet wanneer de nationale veiligheid van Frankrijk of Duitsland in het geding is.

Nederlandse pleitbezorgers van wapenhandel

Net voor de Nederlandse verkiezingen gebruikten de (inmiddels afgetreden) parlementariërs Van Helvert (CDA) en Bosman (VVD) de uitkomst van Toulouse om een bijna volledige afbraak van de Nederlandse wapenexportcontrole voor te stellen. Ze schreven een notitie over het Nederlandse wapenexportbeleid waarin ze beweerden dat exportcontrole de Nederlandse militaire industrie ondermijnt door een te strikte en grillige interpretatie van het Europese Gemeenschappelijk Standpunt betreffende wapenexport. Volgens de Nederlandse centrumrechtse parlementariërs is Nederland de padvinder onder volwassen wapenexporterende EU-landen. Ze constateren dat sommige EU-landen streng zijn bij het toepassen van wapenexportcontrole, en andere flexibel. Van Helvert en Bosman categoriseren Duitsland, Zweden en Zwitserland in één groep met Nederland als landen die een strikte uitleg volgen. Frankrijk is de grote boosdoener op het gebied van wapenexport en beperkt deze nauwelijks. Volgens de Nederlandse parlementariërs faalt het Nederlandse wapenindustriebeleid door een te strikte en grillige wapenexportcontrole die deals met conflictregio's en mensenrechtenschenders beperkt.

De toenmalige parlementariërs onderstrepen het belang van de Nederlandse militaire industrie met cijfers en analyses. De militaire industrie genereert 0,7 procent van het bbp en levert tienduizenden banen op, maar geeft ook toegang tot de technologie van wapensystemen, de potentie om samen te werken bij ontwikkeling van wapens (waardoor Nederlandse militaire eisen kunnen worden meegenomen). Een sterke Nederlandse militaire industriële basis versterkt zelfs de Europese Unie, aldus de parlementariërs. Met zoveel Europees patriottisme kan men zich afvragen waarom CDA en VVD de aankoop van bijna de gehele vloot van de Koninklijke Luchtmacht in de VS steunden. Het kopen van Apache-gevechtshelikopters, F-35-gevechtsvliegtuigen, C-130-transportvliegtuigen, Chinook-heli's) en Patriot-raketten versterkt de Amerikaanse wapenindustrie, niet een Europese defensie-industriële capaciteit. Niet alleen in de lucht, maar ook op zee heeft de VS een sterke invloed; projectielen voor Nederlandse marineschepen worden voornamelijk aan de andere kant van de Atlantische Oceaan gekocht. Steun voor Europese productie lijkt slechts als gelegenheidsargument te worden gebruikt.

Europese Unie en Verenigde Staten

Dat de VS in de notitie ontbreekt is ook opmerkelijk aangezien de VS is al decennia lang de grootste importeur van Nederlandse componenten zijn. Er zijn nauwelijks politieke problemen geweest bij die leveringen. Nederlandse politici gaan ervan uit dat bondgenoten hun eigen wapenexportcontroles uitvoeren en eindbestemmingen voor onderdelen worden daarom niet gecontroleerd voor Nederlandse export naar de VS, Duitsland en andere EU / NAVO+-landen (behalve Turkije).Het probleem ligt niet op het gebied van de export van componenten. Het probleem voor de Nederlandse militaire industrie en hun spreekbuizen in het parlement zijn grotere subsystemen die worden ingebouwd in grote wapensystemen (vooral marineschepen) die bij export aan het parlement moeten worden gemeld. Bijna nooit zijn die meldingen een reden voor discussie en controverse, wel in het geval van Saoedi-Arabië en Egypte.

Sinds de Amerikaanse verkiezingen ligt het 'zachte' Nederlandse beleid ten aanzien van wapenexport naar Saoedi-Arabië in lijn met het standpunt van de VS. Verbazingwekkend hoe snel het buitenlands beleid kan veranderen. Al in de eerste maand ging het beleid van Biden rechtstreeks in tegen het beleid van zijn voorgangers Obama en Trump, die beiden Saoedi-Arabië steunden. De VS lijken op dit moment een meer op mensenrechten gericht wapenexportbeleid toe te willen passen.

Flexibel wapenhandelsbeleid

De Nederlandse parlementariërs stellen in hun memo voor om bij Europees Defensiefonds (EDF) gefinancierde projecten een algemene vergunning te verlenen nog voordat een wapensysteem is ontwikkeld. Hiermee moet worden voorkomen dat Nederlandse bedrijven buiten de boot vallen omdat potentiële partners vrezen dat de Nederlandse overheid uiteindelijk geen exportvergunning zal verlenen. (p. 11) In door het EDF gefinancierde programma's spelen verschillende Nederlandse bedrijven zoals TNO en Damen een grote rol en er is een groeiend spectrum aan wapens die binnen het programma gesteund worden. Het voorstel opent bijvoorbeeld de deur voor ongebreidelde medewerking aan ontwikkeling, productie en export van drones – dit is namelijk een van de sleuteltechnologieën waarop de EU zich richt – als Nederlandse bedrijven meedoen in met EU-financiering door het EDF.

Andere voorstellen van de twee inmiddels afgezwaaide parlementariërs zijn:
- deelnemer worden aan de Duitse Franse verklaring van Toulouse (of als dit niet lukt het gelijkaardige bilaterale overeenkomst aangaan met een van hen of andere lidstaten van de Europese Unie en Noorwegen)
- de 20 procent 'de minimis'-regel gebruiken als standaard bij de verkoop van subsystemen en componenten voor belangrijke wapensystemen die door de EU en Noorwegen worden geproduceerd.
- ruimte creëren voor meer inbreng van het Ministerie van Economische Zaken ten opzichte van het Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken als het gaat om wapenexportbeslissingen.

Componenten en subsystemen

Componenten vormen het grootste deel (rond 80%) van de Nederlandse wapenexport en worden bij export naar een EU / NAVO + -land niet vaak als problematisch ervaren, ook niet als de eindbestemming van de wapensystemen in Nederland controversieel zou zijn. Ze vallen zelfs onder de Algemene en Globale exportvergunningen*. Daardoor is er voor wapenindustrieën nauwelijks een belemmering om hiermee internationaal samen te werken en onderdelen tussen bedrijven uit te wisselen.

Ook grotere subsystemen voor grote wapensystemen zijn zelden controversieel. Subsystemen kunnen gevechtsdatasystemen en vuurleidingsradar zijn. Thales levert momenteel subsystemen voor Duitse fregatten die naar Egypte worden geëxporteerd. Het is een van de grootste vergunningen die in 2020 zijn afgegeven. De schepen kosten € 5-600 miljoen, de systemen € 114 miljoen. De 20 procent de-minimisregel is misschien net genoeg om zelfs deze grote export buiten controle van het Nederlands parlement te houden.

Hoge standaard

Bij nadere beschouwing van de Duits-Franse samenwerking wordt wel duidelijk dat Bosman en Van Helvert enkele cruciale punten hebben gemist:

– de Duits-Franse band is niet zo sterk als het memorandum suggereert. In de media zijn de moeilijkheden tussen Duitsland en Frankrijk bij de ontwikkeling van het Future Air Combat System (het belangrijkste onderdeel van de militaire industriële samenwerking) breed uitgemeten. Na weken van moeizame onderhandelingen werden slechts minieme resultaten bereikt en er is nog steeds een reële dreiging van een veto over het programma. Ook de gevechtstank lijkt vast te lopen. Franse defensiedeskundigen schreven onlangs in een gezamenlijk ingezonden artikel dat Duitsland “een partner is die niets gemeen heeft met Frankrijk.”
– Bosman en Van Helvert suggereren ten onrechte dat de overeenkomst alle militaire componenten omvat. De bijlage sluit een breed scala aan wapensystemen uit, waaronder houwitsers zoals de PzH2000 (door hen juist als voorbeeld genoemd van een wapen dat baat kan hebben bij een dergelijke overeenkomst).
– De ontwikkelingen in het wapenexportbeleid van de Verenigde Staten hebben een dynamiek die richting het Nederlandse beleid gaat. In Frankrijk zelf worden de ontwikkelingen in het wapenexportbeleid ook steeds meer in twijfel getrokken, dat blijkt bijvoorbeeld uit het Franse parlementaire Maire-Tabarot rapport over wapenexportcontroles. Franse politici en ngo's maken zich steeds meer zorgen over wapenexport. Nederland wordt in dat debat naar voren gebracht als voorbeeld.

De Duitse wapenindustrie wil het lakse Franse beleid gebruiken om de Duitse strikte wapenexportcontrole te omzeilen. Er is geen enkele reden om in Nederland dit idee te omarmen. Het huidige wapenexportregime biedt meer dan voldoende ruimte voor industrieën om samen te werken. En slechts in enkele gevallen wordt een levering een halt toegeroepen. Maar dat is nou precies het doel van het wapenexportbeleid. Misschien is het waar dat als Nederlanders geen wapens levert, en andere landen wel, het resultaat nihil is. Maar als Nederland anderen gaat volgt in die laksheid, dan is het resultaat ook duidelijk: dan zal de controle op wapenexporten verzwakken of zelfs verdwijnen.
.
Martin Broek, april 2021

* Zie voor een recentere User Guide in het Nederlands: HANDBOEK STRATEGISCHE GOEDEREN EN DIENSTEN; Geschreven voor bedrijven en andere belangstellenden (Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken, maart 2018)

Geschreven voor Stop Wapenhandel
Een Engelstalige versie hier.

vrijdag 9 april 2021

Race to the bottom on arms export control

In their aspirations towards a European arms industry, Germany and France want to cooperate more in arms production and invent new rules. As a consequence, the humanitarian position of Germany is on a slippery slope. And so are the arms export policies of other European countries.

Late 2019, the European Round Table, a lobby association that includes the leaders of large European defence industries, had a special meeting in Toulouse, France. They were joined by Angela Merkel and Francois Macron. Topic on the agenda was “a more ambitious European industrial and innovation policy.

Earlier that year the German Chancellor and the French President had presented the Treaty of Aachen, to confirm continued defence friendship although France wanted to export jointly produced military goods to Saudi Arabia while Germany has an arms embargo to the Saudi kingdom. Supported by the presence of top European military industry leaders, Merkel and Macron solved their differences in the Toulouse declaration on arms export control. This declaration smoothens defence industrial cooperation between France and Germany on the Future Air Combat System (FCAS or Next Generation Weapon System, NGWS) and the European Main Battle Tank (EMBT or Main Ground Combat System, MGCS), two of the major European weapon development programs. The declaration includes a two page long annex listing weapon systems not covered by it. Which are small arms, artillery, ammunition, projectiles and air frames and engines for military planes, tank turrets and chassis.

Key element of 'Toulouse' is information exchange in the early stages of a project, to prevent disagreement in a later stage. In general arms export is regulated by the EU Common Position (2008/944/CFSP) and the UN Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). The major change is that when problems arise about interpretation of the arms control regulations, it is defined in 'Toulouse' that a so-called de-minimis declaration is leading. Meaning that when subsystems and components making up less than 20 per cent of the weapon system the supplying countries of the subsystems follows the decisions of the country of final assemblage (a simililar de-minimis is followed in case of repair, education, and overhaul). A specific export can be stopped when the national security of France or Germany is at stake.

Dutch arms trade proponents

Just before the Dutch elections, parliamentarians Van Helvert of the Christian Democrats (CDA) and Bosman of the Liberal Party (VVD) used the outcome of the Toulouse high-level lobby event to propose a nearly full demolition of Dutch arms export control. They wrote a memorandum on Dutch arms export policy claiming that export control is undermining the Dutch military industry, due to a too strict and capricious interpretation of the European Common Position on Arms Export. According to the Dutch center right parliamentarians the Netherlands is boyscout among grownups in arms exporting EU. Some EU countries are strict when applying arms export control, others are flexible. Van Helvert and Bosman categorize Germany, Sweden and Switzerland in one group with the Netherlands as countries applying strict implementation. France is the proverbial black kettle on arms exports, hardly restricting it at all. According to the Dutch parliamentarians, a strict arms export control which limits deals with conflict regions and human rights violators is a failing arms industry policy.

According to the parliamentarians, the military industry is important for the Netherlands, contributing 0.7 per cent of GDP and tens of thousands of jobs, but also giving direct access to weapon systems, the potential to co-develop (providing possibility to include Dutch military requirements). A strong Dutch military industrial base strengthens the European Union, according to the parliamentarians. With so much patriotism one can wonder why CDA and VVD were backing the acquisition of almost all Royal Dutch Air Force assets in the US. Buying Apache attack helicopters, F-35 fighter aircraft, C-130 transport planes, Chinook heli's, and Patriot missiles is contributing to American not to European arms industrial base. Not only in the air, but also at sea the US has a strong influence; naval projectiles for Dutch naval vessels are mainly bought on the other side of the Atlantic. Support for European production seem to be used just as an occasional argument.

European Union and United States

That the US is absent in the memorandum is remarkable, because the US is the largest importer of Dutch components for decades and only seldom there have been obstacles with those deliveries. Dutch politicians assume that allies do their own arms export controls and thus final destinations for components are not controlled for Dutch exports to the US, Germany, and other EU/NATO+ countries (except Turkey). Apparently the problem is not the export of components. The problem for the military industry and their mouthpieces in parliament is bigger subsystems for major weapon systems which have to be reported to Parliament when exported. Hardly ever a case for discussion and controversy, but in the case of Saudi Arabia it is.

Since the US elections the 'soft' Dutch policy on arms export to Saudi Arabia is in line with the US position. Amazing how quickly foreign policy can change. In its first month at the center stage Biden mirrored the policy of his predecessors Obama and Trump, both supporting Saudi Arabia. Change is part of foreign policy, some parts are more stable than other parts, but change is inevitable and also arms trade policy adapts to new realities on power balances and geopolitical change. That is reason the arms export criteria are kept multi-interpretable. Now the US seems to adapt a more human rights focused arms export policy. The Dutch position is not weaker, as both argue, but stronger.

Flexible arms trade policy

The proposals of the Dutch politicians might be copied by arms trade proponents in other countries so a close look is necessary. The Dutch politicians propose in their memo that for European Defence Fund (EDF) financed projects a general license should be granted even before a weapon systems is developed. This should prevent that Dutch companies are left out because potential partners fear the Dutch government might not grant an export license in the end. (p. 11) In EDF funded programs several Dutch companies like TNO and Damen play a major role and there is a growing universe of weapons involved. The proposal opens the door for example for drones – one of the key technologies the EU focuses on to be exported freely because of EU-funding.

Other proposals by the parliamentarians are:
  • to become participant in the German French Toulouse declaration (or if this fails starting a similar bilateral agreement with one of them and other European Union Member states and Norway).
  • use the 20 per cent 'de minimis' rule as standard when selling subsystems and components for major weapon systems produced by EU and Norway.
  • Create space for more input on arms export decisions from the Ministry of Economics relative to Foreign Affairs.
Components and subsystems

Components are the main part of Dutch arms exports and not often seen as problematic when exported to a EU/NATO+ country, even when the final destination for the weapon systems would be controversial in the Netherlands itself. They even are subject to Global transfer and export licenses and General transmission licenses*. There is hardly any obstacle for arms industries to work together here and exchange components between companies.

Also larger subsystems for major weapon systems are very seldom controversial. Subsystems may be combat data systems and fire control radar. Currently Thales is delivering subsystems for German frigates build to be exported to Egypt. It is one of the largest licenses given in 2020. The ships cost € 5-600 million, the systems cost € 114 million. The 20 per cent de-minimis rule may be just enough to push even this large export out of Parliamentary control.

High standard

When looking more closely into the German French cooperation it become clear Bosman and Van Helvert missed some crucial parts of it:
  • the German-French connection is not as well established as the memorandum suggests. Recent media articles report on the difficulties between Germany and France in development of the Future Air Combat System (the most important part of military industrial cooperation), with some minor results after several weeks of arduous negotiations, but a veto on the program is still seen as a real threat. Also the common combat tank is struck in its tracks. French defence specialists recently wrote in an OpEd hat Germany is: “a partner who has nothing in common with France.”
  • Bosman and Van Helvert suggest wrongly that the agreement covers all military components. The annex excludes a wide array of weapon systems, including howitzers like the PzH2000 (mentioned by them).
  • Developments in the United States arms export policy have dynamics relating to the Dutch policy. In France itself arms export policy developments are also becoming more questioned as e.g. the French parliamentary Maire-Tabarot report on arms export controls sows. French politicians and NGO increasingly raise arms export concerns. They bring the Netherlands forward as the example to follow.

The German arms industry wants to use the lax French policies to break the German strong human rights orientation in arms export. There is no reason to embrace this idea. The present arms export regime provides more than enough mechanisms for industries to work together. And in some cases, an export is stopped. But that is exactly the aim of the policy. It might be sort of true that when the Dutch do not sell arms while others do, the result is nihil. But when the Netherlands follows others in more lax policies, there is a clear result: it becomes worse.

* See for more recent User Guide in Dutch: HANDBOEK STRATEGISCHE GOEDEREN EN DIENSTEN; Geschreven voor bedrijven en andere belangstellenden (Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken , March 2018).

Written for Stop Wapenhandel
Nederlandstalige versie hier.




dinsdag 6 april 2021

My tweets for April 2021

Latest on top (updated regularly):
(https://twitter.com/martinbroek)

April 20

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Millions of bullets passing the harbour of Rotterdam in Jan-Feb 2021. Thailand and Philippines most remarkable destinations.

https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/exportcontrole-strategische-goederen/documenten/rapporten/2016/10/01/overzicht-doorvoer-militaire-goederen

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Dutch Dual use exports in Feb 2021: Despite the ever ongoing information security technology going to almost all countries int he world, the most remarkable in Februari a thermal imaging camera to Nigeria, valued € 28.927
https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/exportcontrole-strategische-goederen/documenten/rapporten/2016/10/01/overzicht-dual-use-vergunningen

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Remarkable arms export licences from the Netherlands Jan-Feb 2021. Djibouti patrol vessels €25,7m Taiwan submarine parts €3.3m
https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/exportcontrole-strategische-goederen/documenten/rapporten/2016/10/01/overzicht-uitvoer-militaire-goederen

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How slashing oil prices by Riyadh eroded the Saudi position among Republicans. How lobbying firm Larson Shannahan Slifka #LS2 operates to regain the close relations between the US and the desert Kingdom. https://www.alternet.org/2021/04/saudi-lobby/

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Russia tries to ease arms embargo on CAR. "We've already managed to reach some targets, 14.5mm calibre weapons are now imported not by permit, but by notification...it isn't just Russia. The French are following the matter very intensely," Ilichyov said. Interfax 190421

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Retweet
@AirbusDefence: Airbus has signed a five-year services contract with The Egyptian Air Force, the largest #C295 fleet operator worldwide, for the performance-based support of its fleet, composed of a total of 24 aircraft. Read more in our latest press release: https://airbus.com/newsroom/press-releases/en/2021/04/airbus-signs-major-integrated-support-contract-with-egypt-for-c295.html

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Retweet with comment @AirbusDefence: Expands military use of helicopters in combat missions and thus the implications of A400M sales to countries using them for internal war.

Airbus #A400M new generation airlifter has conducted a major helicopter air-to-air refuelling certification campaign in coordination with the @DGA, completing the majority of its development and certification objectives. @AirbusHeli https://airbus.com/newsroom/press-releases/en/2021/04/airbus-a400m-conducts-major-helicopter-refuelling-certification-campaign.html

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NHIndustries heeft een contract getekend voor de levering van zes NH90 helikopters aan Griekenland. Hierdoor zal het aantal NH90s in Griekse dienst oplopen tot twintig. NHIndustries is een samenwerkingsverband tussen Airbus Helicopters, Leonardo en Fokker. https://www.pilootenvliegtuig.nl/2021/04/19/contract-maakt-levering-nh90s-griekenland-mogelijk/

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Authorities in Prague have said they believe a 2014 blast at an ammunition depot was accidental, but doubled down on previous claims that Russian special services were involved as part of a plot to destroy arms exports to Ukraine. https://www.rt.com/russia/521488-czech-officials-explosion-accident/

The Czech Republic said it had informed NATO and European Union allies that it suspected Russia of causing the 2014 blast, and European Union foreign ministers were set to discuss the matter at their meeting on Monday. https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/czechs-discuss-alleged-russian-link-2014-blast-with-eu-2021-04-18/

Czech-Russian dispute prompts other govts to get tough with Moscow; It's a warning not to go beyond traditional spying, influence-peddling https://www.straitstimes.com/world/europe/czech-russian-dispute-prompts-other-govts-to-get-tough-with-moscow

The warehouse which exploded belonged to a company specialising in the arms trade. At that time, the firm was stocking weapons intended for the purchase of a Bulgarian arms dealer, who was then expected to sell these to Ukraine.

Bulgarian arms dealer Gebrev first denied any connection with the explosion, but his company EMKO has now confirmed that it had ammunition in the warehouses, claiming, however, that these were not destined for Ukraine. https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/short_news/bulgarian-arms-trader-admits-he-had-ammunition-in-the-czech-warehouse/

April 19

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The sniper simulator developed by leading Turkish defense contractor Havelsan is ready for use and will first be put into service at a commando training command center in central-western Turkey’s Isparta province.
https://www.dailysabah.com/business/defense/turkish-software-firm-havelsans-sniper-simulator-ready-for-action

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The wonderful world of fighter jet contracts. Here it is on the Rafale to India. "The Modi regime succumbed to French pressure and deleted anti-corruption clauses in the contract."

https://www.nationalheraldindia.com/india/the-french-raising-questions-about-the-rafale-deal-that-indian-media-unable-to-ask

April 18

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On German arms exports in 1st qrt of 2021: with €31.4m Qatar is number one among the Gulf-recipients of arms . Licenses for Saudi Arabia were vallued at €806,995 despite an arms export ban, primarily because of its participation in the Yemen war. Schwarzwälder Bote 15/4/21

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The #UAE's ability to project power in the region is a product of many years of #US-UAE defense cooperation that includes U.S. arms sales and training, strategic planning, and joint exercises and operations.
https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc700662/m1/1/high_res_d/RS21852_2015Jun24.pdf

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Retweet @ProudSocialist: The country with the third highest military budget in the world is the United States police department.

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Senators Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and Bob Menendez (D-N.J.) introduced the Secure F-35 Exports Act of 2021, legislation to reassert Congressional oversight over the sale of sophisticated and mission-critical American military systems. https://www.feinstein.senate.gov/public/_cache/files/f/c/fcab379b-76ef-4b5a-8f0e-1dfc04fead93/FB25F693BABF42CE3D20C972D7A23543.secure-f-35-exports-act-2021-signed-002-.pdf
#UAE #F35

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US Deploys F-16 Fighter Jets to Saudi Arabia Despite Criticizing Saudi War on Yemen https://www.airforcemag.com/south-carolina-air-guard-f-16s-deploy-to-saudi-arabia/

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US Resuming Arms Sales to UAE is Disastrous https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/04/15/us-resuming-arms-sales-uae-disastrous

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U.K.’s “global force for good,” is irony at its top, when arms export licenses for Turkmenistan has spiked 15,000%
between 2016 and 2017, with 151 military arms exports licenses provided in one year. https://thediplomat.com/2021/04/europes-troubling-turkmenistan-engagement/

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French Ministry of Defence orders 8 H225M Caracal long-range tactical transport military helicopters at Airbus. https://www.latribune.fr/entreprises-finance/industrie/aeronautique-defense/airbus-helicopters-engrange-enfin-la-commande-de-8-caracal-promise-par-l-etat-882525.html

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Saga on Romanian corvette acquisition continues. In July 2019, the French Naval Group & Romanian Constanta Shipyard won the deal (later Italian Ficantieri). 2 Years later the €1.2bn contract has not yet been signed, with appeals pending before the courts. https://www.monitoruldegalati.ro/evenimente/dosarul-corvetelor-romaniei-ajunge-la-curtea-constitutionala.html

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Uruguay received an offer to get US military equipment. The countries are negotiating the transfer of 3 Marin Protector patrol boats from the US Coast Guard to Uruguay, built by Bollinger Shipyards on the basis of Damen's Stan 2600 project. https://armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2021/0416/160062478/detail.shtml

***
Retweet @npanagioto (Greek Minister of Defence): "I received today at my office, at the Greek MoD @Hellenic_MOD the Ambassador of the Netherlands @StellaRonner and company who presented to me their proposal for the acquisition of new multi-role frigates for @NavyGR"

In casu the SIGMA 11515 (see also: https://www.newsbomb.gr/ellada/ethnika/story/1187177/fregates-dynato-mpasimo-ton-ollandon-oi-sigma-11515-kai-to-delear-tis-endiamesis-lysis)

With video clip


April 17

***
"Canada’s export ban on crucial imaging technology will damage Turkey’s armed drone capability, Dr Chris Kilford, a retired Canadian Air Force officer and former defence attaché to Turkey and Azerbaijan, told Ahval on Thursday." (Source not aloud by twitter, easy to google)

***
#Turkey to continue push into #drone industry after Canadian ban, analysts say
https://themedialine.org/by-region/turkey-to-continue-push-into-drone-industry-after-canadian-ban-analysts-say/

***
To read the new issue of l'Humanité Dimanche, the main feature of which, devoted to "the arms race", includes an interview with Tony Fortin d '
@obsarm. The interview follows the report made with @RosaluxEuropa on parliamentary control of arms sales https://www.humanite.fr/controle-des-ventes-darmes-lopacite-une-specificite-francaise-703335

***
Afghanistan war costed the US alone more than US$ 2 trillion!! 240,000 lives were lost!!
https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/figures/2021/human-and-budgetary-costs-date-us-war-afghanistan-2001-2021

In the Dutch Defensiekrant (official MoD pub) lt. General b.d. Commanding Regional Command South 2008-09 was the man to talk the failure away. https://magazines.defensie.nl/defensiekrant/2021/14/03_afghanistan-terugtrekken_14

***
German Defence Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer said she will continue to push for armed drones in the military, after lawmakers this week insisted on keeping the Franco-German Eurodrone weaponless for now.

https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2021/04/16/german-defense-secretary-vows-to-keep-fighting-for-armed-drones/

Addtion: Three other countries may approve this program: France, Italy and Spain, whose Parliaments could validate this program in May. https://www.latribune.fr/entreprises-finance/industrie/aeronautique-defense/le-bundestag-approuve-le-financement-de-l-eurodrone-drone-male-europeen-882507.html

***
Commentary

[Washington] Don’t sell arms to the Philippines

... it would end American complicity with the violence and abuses of the Duterte regime.

https://www.defensenews.com/opinion/commentary/2021/04/16/dont-sell-arms-to-the-philippines/

***
A duo of Democratic senators offered a bill Friday that could block the U.S. sale of F-35 fighter jets to the United Arab Emirates after the Biden administration acknowledged it is advancing the Trump-era deal.
https://www.defensenews.com/congress/2021/04/16/us-senators-propose-roadblock-for-f-35-sale-to-uae/

Isn't it possible to send a letter of support by MP's and MEP's of nations (European wide) participating in the F-35 fighter program?

***
Rivalry between Greece & Turkey helped enrich the Western defence industries — lately Russia too. Greece has become a battleground for competing NATO allies who have rushed to sell new frigates and capitalize on the country’s massive modernization program
https://greekreporter.com/2021/04/16/greece-turkey-dispute-arms-sales-mediterranean/

***
Two sides of gun trade. US-made guns are ripping Central America apart and driving migration north.
https://www.dailyhindnews.com/us-made-guns-are-ripping-central-america-apart-and-driving-migration-north-arms-trade/


***
Damen Shiprepair Amsterdam readies HNLMS Evertsen for Voyage to Japan; nearly 40,000 kilometres together with the UK Carrier Strike Group.
https://maritime-executive.com/corporate/damen-shiprepair-amsterdam-readies-hnlms-evertsen-or-voyage-to-japan

***
French Naval Group formally delivered a 2nd Bouchard Class multimission offshore patrol vessel to the Argentine Navy. Piedrabuena (P 52) is the second of four Gowind OPVs ordered by Argentina under a $380 million contract signed with Naval Group in 2018.
https://www.navaltoday.com/2021/04/13/naval-group-delivers-new-opv-to-argentine-navy/

***


Extreem right wing president, violence against indigenous people & poor in the favelas, Covid-19 disaster, replaced military top, destruction/conflict Amazon basin, Brazil.

But the Netherlands gave an export persmission of € 20 million for arms sales. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/binaries/rijksoverheid/documenten/kamerstukken/2021/04/15/kamerbrief-inzake-afgifte-vergunning-voor-export-militair-materieel-naar-brazilie/kamerbrief-inzake-afgifte-vergunning-voor-export-militair-materieel-naar-brazilie.pdf

Reaction @quinsyg: Dit is het buitenland beleid van Blok en Kaag. En dat hebben ze ons vanaf de aftrap van het vorige kabinet verteld.

My reaction: Het is al decennia lang buitenlandbeleid van de Nederlandse Staat (zie illustraties). Het is verweven is de economische en bondgenootschappelijke machtspolitiek. Aan ons de taak dat te ontvlechten. Link naar Actiebrochure HSA https://drive.google.com/file/d/1S8QT1SgJghuCacgYeZTIUyJBeeSLBbak/view?usp=sharing



***
Canada accused by Turkey of double standard in arms ban to Turkey.
https://www.aa.com.tr/en/americas/canada-accused-of-double-standard-in-arms-ban-to-turkey/2210863

But to end this hypocrisy the sales to Riyadh must end not those to Ankara relaxed.

***
Lumen AI, the fourth start-up to integrate the Rennes-based Commandement de la Cyberdéfense's factory has an investor with ties to Israeli cyber sector. [Pay Wall]
https://www.intelligenceonline.com/surveillance--interception/2021/04/15/lumenai-the-israeli-touch-to-french-comcyber-s-factory,109656984-ar1

***
DECLASSIFIED UK

BAE Systems sold weaponry worth £17.6bn to Saudis during Yemen war

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2021-04-16-bae-systems-sold-weaponry-worth-17-6bn-to-saudis-during-yemen-war/

***
“We voelen ons in Nederland behoorlijk veilig. Brandhaarden lijken ver bij ons vandaan. Maar dat zijn ze niet,” zegt nieuwe CDS. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2021/04/16/nieuwe-commandant-der-strijdkrachten-waarschuwt-voor-gevolgen-van-%E2%80%98nee%E2%80%99-zeggen

Nee maar ze klotsen tegen de duinen, verspreiden zich in parken, zijn gesloten loketten voor geestelijke (kinder) zorg etc.

April 16

***
The CAAT UK arms exports browser has been updated to include data up to December 2020:

https://caat.org.uk/data/exports-uk/dashboard

***
New face of war: the Cloud and what it brings for warfare. NATO’s Firefly effort developed by Thales offers cloud tech to NATO. https://www.c4isrnet.com/battlefield-tech/it-networks/2021/04/14/cloudy-vision-can-natos-new-deployable-combat-system-focus-the-field/

April 15

***
Two Damen patrol vessels rented by Honduras for 13 years are pestered with problems. https://www.elheraldo.hn/pais/1456046-466/inoperables-las-costosas-patrulleras-interoceanicas-en-honduras The armed forces however are stating they are in an optimal condition and reported malfunction is normal. https://www.elheraldo.hn/pais/1456064-466/fuerzas-armadas-patrulleras-estan-en-optimas-condiciones

***
Military ships for sale. The struggle for the Drachme. #Greece

#NavalGroup détaille son offre à la marine grecque

https://www.latribune.fr/entreprises-finance/industrie/aeronautique-defense/fregates-fdi-naval-group-detaille-son-offre-a-la-marine-grecque-882329.html

***
Given the strong Saudi presence in both countries, the Malaysian and Indonesian governments follow Riyadhs recently as in support for the Saudi-led military campaign in Yemen in 2015, its blockade of Qatar during

between 2017-2021 & the Iran nuclear deal. https://thediplomat.com/2021/04/malaysia-and-indonesia-in-the-middle-east/

***
While the EU still holds the opinion that enhanced surveillance on because of potential sources of economic and financial difficulties (https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/economy-finance/ip145_en.pdf), this doesn't witheld the Dutch military sector from market its weaponry to Athens. (Pages 8-9 https://www.heda.com.gr/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/HBR-April-2021.pdf)

The opportunities identified for the Dutch Defense sector lie within aviation (F-35 and all existing legacy systems), maritime (purchase new ships and upgrades current fleet), ground-based systems (vehicles and simulators) and ICT (cyber security).

***

This essay by Bill Arkin was advised to me as: a must read for everyone who wants to understand US change of warfare, the mentality & fabric of the endless war.

https://www.newsweek.com/why-america-cant-end-its-forever-wars-1582749

What should the implications be for those acting to limit arms trade and military production?

***

1/.. #Airbus’ HForce initiative has turned the company’s H145M twin-engine light #helicopter into a successful aerial scout that has been adopted by Serbia and Hungary and is being offered to Romania. ../2

https://aviationweek.com/defense-space/aircraft-propulsion/new-european-attack-helicopters-set-debut-mid-2020s

2. Trials to launch guided missiles, such as the #Israeli Rafael Spike, from the H145M are expected to take place shortly. Leonardo is developing an armed capability for its AW149 twin-engine medium utility platform ordered by #Egypt.

***
Activists have returned to the UK Oldham subsidiary of Elbit Systems occupying the roof & entering the building where they covered computers with blood red paint. At the same time, the roof of the Bristol offices of Elbit was occupied by another group. https://realmedia.press/two-elbit-sites-occupied/


***
Hogere budgetten voor defensie maken de wereld niet veiliger. Steek niet meer geld in defensie en wapens, reageren Bram Grandia (@KerkenVrede), Mark Akkerman (@CTWnl ) & Jan Schaake (WG inclusieve veiligheid) op de oproep van vier militairen in Trouw. https://www.trouw.nl/opinie/hogere-budgetten-voor-defensie-maken-de-wereld-niet-veiliger~b2a1c5f4/

April 14

***
European Defence Agency #EDA participates this week in Exercise ‘Locked Shields 2021’, the largest & most complex international live-fire cyber defence exercise organised from 13-16 April by the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence #CCDCOE.
https://www.pressreleasepoint.com/eda-participates-locked-shields-cyber-defence-exercise

***
NGO's criticize Airbus for arms sales in advance of AGM.

Kritik an Airbus-Deals; Vor der Hauptversammlung des Konzerns kritisieren drei NGOs die Geschäfte der Rüstungssparte mit autokratisch regierten Staaten wie Saudi-Arabien. https://taz.de/Verwicklung-des-Konzerns-in-Kriege/!5760997/

***
German government approved fewer arms exports in the first 3 months of 2021 than in the same period of 2020. The licenses were valued €978m (16% less than 1st quarter of 2020 with €1.163bn), according to an answer on questions of Linke MP @SevimDagdelen.
https://www.t-online.de/nachrichten/deutschland/militaer-verteidigung/id_89839678/vorjahresvergleich-bundesregierung-genehmigt-weniger-waffenexporte-.html

***
The United States as a mass-killing machine. Article not only providing strong opinion, but also a wide array of figures and facts to underline it.
https://tomdispatch.com/slaughter-central/

***

US to proceed with $23bn arms sales to UAE

The sale of F-35s, drones and other advanced equipment was being reviewed. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/4/14/biden-administration-to-proceed-with-23b-arms-sales-to-uae

Just retweeted this Heavily bombardment by #Saudi and #UAE warplanes. https://twitter.com/AhmadAlgohbary/status/1382066222783721475

Addition: Deliverances of components by Dutch industry for the F-35 fighter are an important part of Dutch military exports. Although the Netherlands has a sound policy on arms trade and Yemen, these sales will continue, without being seen, without being debated.

***
University of Twente participates in AiNed through the 'AI Hub Eastern-Netherlands' together with, Saxion and a number of companies with their feet in military or security business like Nedap, #Thales & #NXP. Soon €276 million will be available for AiNed. https://www.utwente.nl/en/news/2021/4/1023643/netherlands-growth-fund-invests-hundreds-of-millions-in-quantum-and-ai

***
NATO Relies on #Thales for a Real-Time View of the Operational Situation in Joint theaters. https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210413005102/en/

***
Turkey accelerates space program by building new satellites.
https://www.aa.com.tr/en/science-technology/turkey-accelerates-space-program-by-building-new-satellites//2208150


***
The French aeronautics and space industries sector #Gifas has been supported by military aeronautics and space it fell only 3%, to € 16.5bn, 50/50 between exports and sales to the French army. For its part, the turnover of the space sector fell by 25%. https://www.lesechos.fr/industrie-services/air-defense/trou-dair-pour-le-secteur-aeronautique-francais-en-2020-1306439

***
Peace Group is calling for the controversial Three Counties Defence and Security Expo exhibition (in July) near Worcester to be cancelled. It has launched a writing campaign to get their message across. https://www.malverngazette.co.uk/news/19228482.peace-campaigners-call-three-counties-defence-expo-cancelled/

***

Retweet @jgstugent: Nu donderdag organiseren wij een zeer interessante webinar met @StefanieDeBock_(@Vredesactie). Belgische wapens duiken nog steeds op in conflictgebieden. Naast de Waalse regering, doet de Vlaamse regering ook nog steeds aan wapenhandel: https://fb.me/e/2rvjI63in

***
Italy & EU could focus on space-based elements of missile defense:

“Constellations of satellites will be more and more needed to detect missiles since their launch, mainly through thermal infrared sensors,” IAI paper argued.

https://www.iai.it/sites/default/files/iai2105.pdf

https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2021/04/13/italian-military-chief-envisions-the-tempest-fighter-zapping-missiles/

April 13

***
Psst Nederlandse mijnenbestrijdingsvaartuigen krijgen - tegen meerprijs - radar die meer kan dan geëist. Met de NS50-radar kun je bij wijze van spreken vanuit Zeebrugge het luchtruim boven Zaventem in de gaten houden, maar ook dat van Heathrow en Schiphol. https://magazines.defensie.nl/allehens/2021/04/07_nieuwe-radar-mbvs

***
It is reported #Morocco has carried out its 1st drone strike in the Western Sahara. The #Polisario Front announced that its police chief Addah al-Bendir had been killed "on the field of honor" in a Saharawi controlled part of the occupied territory. https://thearabweekly.com/first-time-use-drone-moroccan-army-highlights-polisarios-vulnerability

***
U.S. Special Operations Command #SOCOM created a task force in the Pacific region to work with allies there to thwart China’s information operations. https://www.c4isrnet.com/information-warfare/2021/03/25/special-operations-team-in-pacific-will-confront-chinese-information-campaigns/

***
Retweet with quote @tdh_de:
Kampfjets für den Jemenkrieg, Militärtransporter für die Türkei, Hubschrauber für die tödlichen Einsätze der brasilianischen Polizei und die Grenzabschottung - made by @Airbus. Heute haben wir unser Dossier mit @urgewald, @Krit_Aktionaere & @CTWnl veröffentlicht. https://www.tdh.de/fileadmin/user_upload/inhalte/04_Was_wir_tun/Themen/Weitere_Themen/Kleinwaffen/Briefing_Airbus_05.pdf

Fighter jets to used on Yemen, military transport planes delivered to Turkey, heli's operated with deadly force by the Brazilian police, & closing borders, all made possible by @Airbus. Today a dossier on the company was published by @tdh_de, @urgewald, @Krit_Aktionaere & @CTWnl.

***
German SPD, Greens, Linke and the FDP are calling for stricter regulation of the arms trade. At the center of this could be a new arms export law - with effects on the entire industry. https://www.handelsblatt.com/politik/deutschland/waffenhandel-nach-urteil-zu-heckler-und-koch-spd-gruene-und-fdp-fordern-ruestungsexportgesetz/27086356.html

***
Question 4221: What steps has the Commission taken to stop Germany exporting arms to countries involved in armed conflicts and human rights violations? https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/E-9-2021-000718_EN.html

Answer 12421: The final decision...remains with the Member States’ authorities. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/E-9-2021-000718-ASW_EN.pdf

***
The Nigerian Navy says it has acquired 172 patrol boats, four helicopters, four ships and 14 unmanned aerial vehicles, in the fight against crude oil theft and sea piracy within the country's territorial waters. https://sweetcrudereports.com/nigerian-navy-acquires-vessels-helicopters-to-oil-theft/

***
The global disadvantages for control on military technology by introducing a US control mechanism against tech transfer to China. "The value proposition of a new COCOM is nil." https://www.defensenews.com/opinion/commentary/2021/04/09/think-twice-before-bringing-back-the-cocom-export-control-regime/

***
The pandemic could've been a chance to reverse high military spending globally. Instead, we could be heading towards a new Cold War-style arms race.

A reversal of present trends would free resources to cope with pandemics, climate change & global poverty. https://www.ips-journal.eu/topics/foreign-and-security-policy/on-the-way-to-an-arms-race-and-a-new-cold-war-5096/

***
At last the Canadian government has cancelled arms export licences for Turkey’s high-tech drone systems after a review found credible evidence that Canadian technology was diverted to Azerbaijan without Ottawa’s consent and used Nagorno-Karabakh last fall. https://timesnewsexpress.com/news/world/canada/canada-cancels-permits-for-high-tech-arms-exports-to-turkey-cbc-news/

Addition: The Canadian government is cancelling 29 permits for military exports to Turkey, saying an investigation revealed that made-in-Canada airstrike-targeting gear shipped to the Eurasian country was illegally diverted to the war between Azerbaijan and Armenia. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/politics/article-ottawa-cancels-29-military-export-permits-for-turkey-after-finding/

Addition: Not what Turkey wanted. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu urged NATO ally Canada on Monday to review defence industry restrictions which it imposed on Ankara last year. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/world/2021/04/12/turkey-calls-on-canada-to-review-defence-industry-restrictions

Addition: Final report: Review of Canadian export permits to Turkey

https://www.international.gc.ca/trade-commerce/controls-controles/reports-rapports/exp-permits-turkey-licences-turquie.aspx

Download: https://www.international.gc.ca/trade-commerce/assets/pdfs/controls-controles/reports-rapports/exp-permits-turkey-licences-turquie-eng.pdf

April 12

***
#Armasuisse signed early April a CHF 155m contract with Thales. It covers the acquisition of the SkyView surveillance system, part of the Swiss military modernization and also connected to the expensive purchase of (French) fighter planes.
https://www.letemps.ch/suisse/un-systeme-francais-surveiller-lespace-aerien-suisse

***
Warmonger Grant Newsham wants to reign in Wall Street, not because of the impacts of investments on climate, social justice, peace & human rights, but to limit Chinese economic activities; combined with a proposal to strengthen US militarily in Asia.
https://asiatimes.com/2021/04/us-commander-needs-more-money-to-counter-china/

***
More than a dozen rights groups (Amnesty, DAWN etc.) have urged the US administration to restrict arms sales to Bahrain and pressure the Arab monarchy to introduce reforms and address the severe deterioration of human rights there.
https://en.abna24.com/news/rights-groups-urge-us-to-restrict-arms-sales-to-bahrain_1130246.html

***
Retweet with quote @AirbusHeli: Check out the latest Rotor Magazine online! Learn more about the #NH90, the new Caïman Standard 2 & the plan to transform the support & services related to this. Read also the stories: Eliance & SUMMA 112 in Spain, Mercy Air in Mozambique, & much more. https://fly.airbus.com/2RgCkvF

A magazine on the NH90 helicopter, produced by Airbus Helicopters, Leonardo (formerly AgustaWestland) and Fokker Aerostructures (now part of GKN).

The helicopter is used (by the military) for civil tasks (ending wild fires), and for interventions, in casu Mali and Afghanistan.

***
No bombs, but health.

"Instead of selling weapons of war, the US should make global public health our No. 1 priority. It is by far the most effective way to enhance our national security," states Amy Goodman of @democracynow !, an TV/radio news hour. https://www.democracynow.org/2021/4/8/the_united_states_should_send_vaccines

***
EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said on Sunday it was "no surprise" that Moscow and Beijing were blocking efforts at the UNSC to impose an arms embargo.

What's needed to change this position?

https://www.aninews.in/news/world/europe/russia-china-protecting-own-interests-thwarting-global-response-to-myanmar-coup-eu20210412071947/

***
Scottish Green's marine environment spokesperson Mark Ruskell told: "The-Tories' nuclear posturing is reckless in the extreme and Labour's ongoing support for Trident is a disgrace. The people of Scotland shouldn't have to play their dangerous game.
https://www.thenational.scot/news/19224715.greens-pledge-ban-trident-scottish-independence/

***
Independent Jewish Voices #IJV #Canada applauds New Democratic Party #NDP passing a resolution calling for an end to the illegal Israeli occupation of Palestinian land including suspending all bilateral arms trade with Israel.
https://www.ijvcanada.org/ijv-applauds-ndp-convention-delegates-for-passing-the-palestine-resolution/

***
Retweet with quote: @CAATuk
Check out this new film from @thejetline about living under a F-35 fighter jet flight path - yet another way the arms trade intrudes on everyday life. Premieres on Thursday, April 15th at 7PM EST: https://jetlinefilm.com

De F-35, the most expensive weapon ever, is notorious for its cost and failures. Jet Line will report how the fighter yet is harming lives of the people living in regions it is exercising with enormous levels of noise.

April 11

***
During the period 2021–2027, Norway will participate for the first time in the European Defence Fund #EDF, the EU programme for defence cooperation.
https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/participation_programmes/id2843246/

***
UK does not limit arms exports to Ankara, but is promoting them in a bold way. On board an aircraft carrier, UK Defence Secretary Wallace & Turkish MoD Minister Hulusi Akar took part in a roundtable with representatives from the British defence industry.
https://ukdefencejournal.org.uk/turkish-defence-minister-visits-british-aircraft-carrier/

***
The US ambassador to the UN urged the international community to take "concrete action" against the military in Myanmar including an arms embargo & sanctions against its holding companies and those who profit from them.

How China and Russia will follow?

https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2021-04-09/us-urges-arms-embargo-and-sanctions-against-myanmar-military

***
Another controversy regarding the Indian #Rafale fighter deal. It's claimed Indian businessman Sushen Gupta was paid € millions by Dassault. In turn, #Gupta, provided them with confidential information from the #Indian MoD about the ongoing negotiations.
https://www.dailypioneer.com/2021/page1/rafale-middleman-leaked-def-info-for-pay-off--says-mediapart.html

***
The Korean fighter jet KF-21 is finished and is [partly] the first self-developed fighter. Airbus wanted to participate, but it didn't work out. Now the US is supplying important components. Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand are potential customers. https://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article230081163/Suedkoreas-Jet-KF-21-Besser-getarnt-als-Eurofighter-billiger-als-F-35.html

Addition: South Korea soars into elite group with K-21 fighter

President Moon hails homegrown [but with essential US components] next-gen prototype as a 'new era of independent defence' https://asiatimes.com/2021/04/kf-21-jet-fighter-puts-south-korea-in-elite-group/

April 10

***
Blog: German Companies Export Products Found in Turkish Armed Drones Used in Nagorno-Karabakh War https://hetq.am/en/article/129514

***
Question by Agnieszka Brugger Die Grünen to the German government (Member of OCCAR's board) in regard to the repeatedly identified Turkish Libya embargo violations (https://undocs.org/S/2021/229) is the use the Airbus A400M transport plane ever raised? https://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/19/279/1927994.pdf

***

Is dat het project waarbij tussen Nijmegen en Kampen een zo groot mogelijke overstroming werd gepland? 5% van de bevolking, zo'n 200.000 mensen, en hun vee had, totaal onverwacht en op stel en sprong, moeten evacueren. Leve het militaire veiligheidsidee!

https://magazines.defensie.nl/defensiekrant/2021/13/02_geheime-defhaven_13

Ooit schreef ik een bespreking van een prachtig boek over deze plannen:

titel Koude Oorlog aan de IJssel; Roman in brieven

auteurs A.L. Snijders; Erik Harteveld

https://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2014/01/water-als-bondgenoot.html

***
DARPA awards two contracts to BAE Systems for cutting-edge electronic warfare technology. https://defence-blog.com/news/darpa-awards-two-contracts-to-bae-systems-for-cutting-edge-electronic-warfare-technology.html

***
US President Joe Biden’s fiscal 2022 budget request asks for $753 billion in national security funding, an increase of 1.6 percent that includes $715 billion for the Defense Department. https://www.defensenews.com/breaking-news/2021/04/09/biden-requests-715b-for-pentagon-hinting-at-administrations-future-priorities/

Remember this piece on the US budget: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/07/opinion/biden-defense-budget.html

***
Retweet @M__Verbruggen: The Dutch counterterrorism unit NCTV: - Serious anti-muslim bias & right-wing extremism blindness - Systematic and widespread illegal data collection & monitoring of civilians - Threatening these reporters to send intelligence services after their sources. https://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2021/04/09/onmin-en-uitglijders-bij-de-club-die-het-land-moet-beschermen-a4039114

***
We Canadians try to be on the right side of history – but too often we fail. We fail largely because morality and money are seldom on speaking terms. Consider our role in two immoral wars: Canada is making the same mistakes in Yemen that it did in Vietnam. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/article-canada-is-making-the-same-mistakes-in-yemen-that-it-did-in-vietnam/

April 9

***
Het rapport 'Financing Border Wars: The border industry, its financiers and human rights' van Stop Wapenhandel en TNI onderzoekt de anti-migratie-industrie en de grootste investeerders in de 23 belangrijkste betrokken bedrijven uit Europa, Australië & VS. https://stopwapenhandel.org/financingborderwars

The report 'Financing Border Wars: The border industry, its financiers and human rights' of @CTWnl and @TNInstitute investigates the anti-migration industry and it profiles 23 corporations as significant actors from Europe, Australia and the US. https://stopwapenhandel.org/sites/stopwapenhandel.org/files/financingborderwars-report-tni_2.pdf

These actors are: Accenture, Airbus, Booz Allen Hamilton, Classic Air Charter, Cobham, CoreCivic, Deloitte, Elbit, Eurasylum, G4S, GEO Group, IBM, IDEMIA, Leonardo, Lockheed Martin, Mitie, Palantir, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Serco, Sopra Steria, Thales, Thomson Reuters, Unisys.

***
Broekstukken on the attempt to pull down the Dutch arms trade control. When looking more closely it become clear the Parliamentarian responsible for a memorandum with this aim missed (willingly?) some crucial points. https://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2021/04/race-to-bottom-on-arms-export-control.html

Addition: MPs Van Helvert of the #CDA and Bosman of the #VVD used the outcome of the Toulouse lobby event to propose a nearly full demolition of Dutch arms export control. They wrote a memorandum on arms export policy claiming that export control is undermining the Dutch military industry.

***
The US has reportedly delivered three military cargoes to Ukraine in the last fortnight amid growing international demands for Russia to explain its troop build-up on the border with its neighbor.
https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/us-demands-russia-explain-military-build-up-near-ukraine-after-sending-hardware-to-kyiv/ar-BB1foj4S

Voor Nederlandse samenvatting zie: http://troepenbewegingen.blogspot.com/2021/04/wapenleveranties-en-troepenopbouw-rond.html


***
Voertuigen en heli's (101st Airborne Division) aan boord van de Endurance onderweg naar Kentucky (https://www.marinetraffic.com/en/ais/home/centerx:1.9/centery:51.2/zoom:8). Nl. militairen gaven ondersteuning in het kader van Host Nation Support. https://www.defensie.nl/actueel/nieuws/2021/04/09/omvangrijke-verplaatsing-amerikaans-militair-materieel-afgerond De MIVD deed veiligheidsonderzoek.

https://www.blogbeforeflight.net/2021/03/us-army-helicopters-eindhoven-rotterdam-netherlands.html

 April 8

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Retweet @FrankSlijper: #Nigeria's Navy's substantial number of recent acquisitions incl. ships from France, Malaysia & Netherlands (via Vietnam) + drones from China and S-Africa + Italian helos https://defenceweb.co.za/featured/nigerian-navy-records-substantial-number-of-recent-acquisitions/ via @defenceweb_afr

***
Azerbaijan,Turkey to set up joint defence industry cooperation commission
https://www.azernews.az/nation/177709.html

***
Good news:

Vivienne Westwood is marking her 80th birthday with some remarks: "Don't buy a car," "Don't buy a bomb!" "Get a life!" and to follow her on Climaterevolution.co.uk. Westwood highlights the Campaign Against Arms Trade, a U.K.-based organization. https://wwd.com/fashion-news/fashion-features/dont-buy-bomb-warns-vivienne-westwood-80th-birthday-1234795864/

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The US State Department has notified #CAATSA sanctions against Turkey’s Presidency of Defense Industries (SSB) and its senior leadership for Ankara’s purchase of Russian S-400 air defence systems.https://www.defenseworld.net/news/29281#.YG7mX-j7SUl

https://public-inspection.federalregister.gov/2021-07048.pdf

***
UN SG Guterres called for implementation of the 2018 peace agreement in South Sudan, disarmament of former combatants and establishment of a truth and reconciliation commission as key targets in proposed benchmarks to get rid of a UN arms embargo.
https://www.570news.com/2021/04/07/un-chief-proposes-targets-to-lift-south-sudan-arms-embargo/

***
Africom says at least 14 Mig-29 and Su-24 fighter jets were flown from Russia to Syria and repainted to cover the Russian markings. The aircraft were then flown into Libya, breaching the UN arms embargo.
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2021/04/07/exclusive-uk-prepared-confront-putins-private-army-says-defence/

***
#dpiX and #TNO signed expand collaboration in thin-film semiconductor & electronics R&D, prototyping & manufacturing.
https://money.yahoo.com/dpix-tno-holst-centre-sign-150000157.html

dpiX was established with financial support of US DoD to create semiconductor display products for the military. https://www.dpix.com/2021/01/frank-caris-new-honorary-consul-for-the-kingdom-of-the-netherlands/

***
Romania and the corvettte deal won by French Naval Group is still part of the Bucharest political proces. The MoD gen. Ciucă seems to have humiliated his French colleague Florence Parly in a recorded telephone conversation & said he wants peace with Damen.
https://www.national.ro/dezvaluiri/e-doar-inceputul-iohannis-trimis-dupa-seminte-de-macron-717595.html

***
Panamese Ministry of public security posted a tender notice for "Purchase Genuine Spare Parts, for Preventive Maintenance of Damen interceptors 1102 (3616, 3617, 3618, 3619, 3621, 3622, 3623, 3624) ordered in 2017. Reference price: 49950.85. Link to boats.
https://www.damen.com/en/news/2017/03/eight_damen_interceptors_for_panama

***


Kommer Damen met een vermogen van € 1,8 miljard is nr.8 op de Forbes lijst van rijke aardbewoners. Niet alles is met wapenhandel verdiend, maar wel een fors deel. https://www.forbes.com/profile/kommer-damen/?list=billionaires&sh=ae4c40137d16 Het gaat de Nederlandse rijken goed https://www.rtlnieuws.nl/economie/beurs/artikel/5223987/forbes-rijken-der-aarde-miljardairs-corona en ook deze scheepsbouwer.

***
Also with Biden at the helm the US appears unlikely to rejoin the 34-nation Open Skies Treaty international partners were told in a memo obtained by Defense News that doing so would send the “wrong message” to Russia. A wrong of Trump not to be repaired? https://www.defensenews.com/breaking-news/2021/04/07/rejoining-open-skies-would-send-wrong-message-to-russia-says-us-state-department/

Addition: CRS report: The Open Skies Treaty: Background and Issues, Updated April 7, 2021 https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/20604360/in10502.pdf

***
A Maltese arms dealer has told the UN security council that he did not know his military-grade vessels were to be used by private military contractors in violation of sanctions on Libya. However Fenech’s claims lacked credibility. https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/maltese-arms-dealer-was-unaware-that-he-broke-libya-embargo-un.862728

***
Did Russians violate the Wassenaar Agreement by delivering #Iskader-M missiles to Armenia & were they used during the 2000 war against Azerbaijan? Azerbaijan said it found parts of this longer range variant. War is over, but the fallout hasn't stopped yet. https://www.eurasiareview.com/07042021-iskander-missiles-dilemma-in-karabakh-oped/

April 7

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"Pleitbezorgers voor het enorme VS-defensiebudget beweren dat het banen oplevert. Academische studies tonen aan dat het minder efficiënt is dan overheidsinvesteringen in onderwijs, schone energie, transport en gezondheidszorg," staat in de New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/07/opinion/biden-defense-budget.html

***
Is it a game? Who is worse delivering arms to the Middle East: France or the UK?

The UK will establish a joint operating unit with Qatar for the BAE Systems Hawk advanced jet trainer (AJT) aircraft as part of a wider military co-operation agreement. https://www.blogbeforeflight.net/2021/04/uk-qatar-joint-hawk-training-squadron.html

***
In een brief aan de nieuwe Tweede Kamer hebben maatschappelijke organisaties hun grote zorgen geuit over een voorstel dat de deur wijd open zet voor wapenexporten naar ongewenste bestemmingen. https://stopwapenhandel.org/brief%20vvdcda%20nota

Lees de brief https://stopwapenhandel.org/sites/stopwapenhandel.org/files/Web%20Brief%20BZ%20D%20Cie%20nota%20wapenexport.pdf

SW English blog follows.

Addition: Het engelstalige blog dat ik gisteren beloofde: https://www.stopwapenhandel.org/RaceToTheBottom

***
"France sold weapons to destinations which are hard to understand: to States which are recognized to be committing war crimes and crimes against humanity, and France is responsible. " https://www.nicematin.com/faits-de-societe/la-france-mene-une-politique-nocive-pour-les-droits-humains-juge-la-cheffe-damnesty-666780

Addition: Amnesty International sends France a red card.

Amnesty International adresse un carton rouge à la France

https://www.sudouest.fr/international/amnesty-international-un-rapport-en-guise-de-carton-rouge-sur-les-droits-et-libertes-en-france-1988090.php

***
UK's 'headlong rush into abandoning human rights' rebuked by Amnesty

Covid failings, crackdown on protest, police discrimination and resumed arms trade with Saudi Arabia all listed in annual report

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2021/apr/07/uks-headlong-rush-into-abandoning-human-rights-rebuked-by-amnesty

Addition: UK rushing to ‘abandon human rights’, Amnesty report warns
‘We’re speeding toward cliff edge,’ says NGO director

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/uk-human-rights-amnesty-report-b1827745.html

***
The 8th edition of Cybertech Global, an international cyber event that until now had only been held in Tel Aviv, will take place this week in Dubai. Participating: DP World, the Israel National Cyber Directorate, FAA, EuroControl, Israel Shipyards etc. https://gulfbusiness.com/cybertech-global-exhibition-to-be-held-in-dubai-for-the-first-time/

***
Indonesia paid just $22 million, about 13 percent of what it is owed for the Korean fighter project. Now it wants to half its commitment. The local economy, now reeling from COVID-19 fallout, is reportedly among the reasons. http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20210406001101

***
“Who should really be charged with criminal damage? The activists that spilled paint? Or the war criminals that spill blood and destroy entire communities? We look forward to seeing Elbit Systems in court and exposing the criminal damage ... committed.” https://realmedia.press/not-guilty-plea-over-elbit-protest/

***
According to pictures released by the Official Website of The Presidency Republic of Ghana, the Turkish company Otokar has delivered Cobra 1 and Cobra 2 4x4 armored vehicles to Ghana armed forces. https://www.armyrecognition.com/defense_news_april_2021_global_security_army_industry/ghana_has_officially_received_first_otokar_cobra_2_4x4_armored_vehicles.html

April 6

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Retweet @caricatured: Leak (Alok cartoon on India and French Rafale)

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Reorganising Indonesian military industry. The General Director of PT Pindad Abraham Mose supports the plan of the Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) to form a Defense BUMN Holding Company. https://www.neraca.co.id/article/144607/pindad-dukung-holding-bumn-pertahanan-demi-hasilkan-produk-inovatif

***
Former chief of Chinese defence giant #Norinco being probed for #corruption https://www.wionews.com/world/former-chief-of-chinese-defence-giant-norinco-being-probed-for-corruption-375495 Anti-corruption is often used in authoritarian states to tackle a real problem, but also to remove people not in line with the leader, here Xi.

Addition: SCMP: Yin, 65, is the latest high-level official from the defence industry to be snared by President Xi Jinping's sweeping anti-corruption campaign that has seen more than 1.3 million officials investigated since 2012. https://www.scmp.com/news/china/politics/article/3128278/corruption-china-ex-boss-arms-company-norinco-placed-under

***
Ten minste 6 Nederlandse universiteiten werken indirect samen met het Chinese leger door projecten met Chinese technische universiteiten. Deze wetenschappelijke samenwerking geeft China toegang tot onderzoek of dual-use tech meldde Delta, van de TU Delft. https://www.computable.nl/artikel/nieuws/onderwijs/7158171/250449/nederlandse-universiteiten-helpen-chinese-leger.html

Addition: By the way in 2020 exporteerde Nederland voor € 8,7 miljoen dual use technologie naar China en daarbij komt export ter waarde van € 168,9 miljoen naar Hong Kong. Dat blijkt uit het overzicht dual-use exporten dat de Overheid mdet enige regelmaat publiceert.

***
Omid Nouripour German MP for the Grünen lists a number of issues German policy lacks behind the policy of the US on arms trade relations with Saudi's, but also in regard to its assessment of the UAE's role in #Yemen. https://www.welt.de/debatte/kommentare/article229638775/Jemen-Konflikt-Die-grenzenlose-Naivitaet-der-deutschen-Aussenpolitik.html

He also mentions the coalition's naval blockade of Yemen, which has led to a shortage of almost all goods in Yemen. This operation is still denied in the Netherlands.

***
A former MIT research student married to the younger daughter of President Erdogan, Bayraktar has been central to Turkey’s production of armed drones. In 2020, his TB2 drones were used with devastating effect in Tripoli and Baku, both Turkish allies.

https://www.bloombergquint.com/business/armed-drones-in-turkey-erdogan-son-in-law-selcuk-bayraktar-tb2-planes-in-war

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After several weeks of arduous negotiations & while deadlines are looming, the office of the French MoD, Florence Parly, confirmed to have received "an offer" by #Airbus & #Dassault for 2nd stage in the development of the future air combat system #FCAS. https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2021/04/04/airbus-et-dassault-ont-fait-une-offre-sur-l-avion-europeen-scaf_6075521_3210.html

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French media report alleging corruption in India’s Rafale fighter deal has revived the debate on how corruption is intrinsic to the way global arms trade takes place. Transparency & making lobby legal is the method to limit the problem, the author states. https://eurasiantimes.com/why-india-should-learn-the-american-lesson-in-arms-deals-to-fight-corruption/

***
What is also called the "rat hole" by members of US Congres is advertised in a sponsored link by its producer Lockheed Martin the centerpiece of 21st century global security. https://www.f35.com/f35/global-enterprise.html

***
As European majors like Damen, Fincantieri and Navantia try to woo Cairo as it plans to acquire 20 patrol vessels and six corvettes, the Egyptian Navy insists on solid partnerships and the transfer of technological knowledge. [Pay Wall] https://www.africaintelligence.com/north-africa_business/2021/04/05/cairo-committed-to-corvettes-and-patrol-vessels-being--made-in-egypt,109655532-ar1

***
An overview of European arms exports and on the other hand on countries with restrictive policies in the context of the US policy concerning Saudi Arabia, UAE and Yemen. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/4/3/advocates-see-opportunity-us-review-saudi-arms-review

April 3

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Scheepsbeheerders mogen straks aan boord van Nederlandse koopvaardijschepen onder voorwaarden gewapende particuliere beveiligers meenemen, ter bescherming tegen piraterij in de Golf van Aden.
https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/actueel/nieuws/2021/04/02/meer-bescherming-tegen-piraterij-voor-koopvaardijschepen

***
The planned massive entry of the Israeli defense industries into the Gulf States weapons market, has been slowed down and the companies here are trying to convince the ministry of defense to change the pace.
https://breakingdefense.com/2021/04/israeli-defense-ministry-goes-slow-on-arab-weapon-sales/

***
The lucrative business of the 'noble' act of providing weapons to the military. Sky News revealed BAE Systems has increased Charles Woodburn's base salary by +£100,000 & gave him an additional 'golden handcuffs' share package worth £2m to keep him at BAES.
https://news.sky.com/story/bae-systems-hands-chief-woodburn-2m-pay-rise-to-head-off-poaching-bid-12263670

***
Myanmar-bound grenades and M16 bullets seized at delivery company, north Thailand
https://www.pattayamail.com/thailandnews/myanmar-bound-grenades-and-m16-bullets-seized-at-delivery-company-north-thailand-349565

***
Asaad Al-Jaboubi left Yemen for love.

That was more than 15 years ago, not long after he’d met his soon-to-be Canadian wife.

Now he calls on Canada to stop exporting weapons to Saudi Arabia.

Long and telling story.

https://www.tricitynews.com/local-news/he-was-burned-alive-port-moody-man-leads-call-to-end-canadas-export-of-weapons-to-saudi-arabia-3600955

Addition: Although small in comparison, Dutch component for one of the Canadian exports to Saudi Arabia have never been questioned or isn't even mentioned as far as I know. In a longer piece on Rheinmetaal Nederland I made a small note on the exports. https://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2021/03/rheinmetall-german-dutch-connection.html


April 2

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The diplomatic language around the F-35 "rat hole". Numbers may go down, failures are not solved yet and cooperation with allies is stressed, because of the buy American policy.
https://www.defensenews.com/congress/2021/03/31/air-land-chairman-talks-f-35-costs-and-buy-america-in-the-next-defense-bill/

***
Days after Khashoggi killing, British military sold crucial spare parts to Saudi air force bombing Yemen. https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2021-04-01-days-after-khashoggi-killing-british-military-sold-crucial-spare-parts-to-saudi-air-force-bombing-yemen/

April 1

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The Fokker saga continues. Panta Holding buys Fokker Services en Fokker Techniek from GKN. GKN keeps Fokker Aerostructures, Fokker Landing Gear and Fokker Elmo (wiring). Twee dochters overgenomen.
https://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2021/03/31/luchtvaartondernemer-rosen-jacobson-meldt-zich-weer-bij-fokker-a4038066

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BAE Systems L&A (Minnesota), is awarded a $77m modification to a FMS $868m contract (N00024-20-C-5380) for MK 41 Vertical Launching System canisters & ancillary hardware for the US, South Korea, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Australia, and Turkey.
https://www.defense.gov/Newsroom/Contracts/Contract/Article/2557357/

***
Natuurlijk zijn het vooral China, Rusland & India die wapens leveren aan #Myanmar. https://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2021/03/30/in-china-is-bijna-alles-te-koop-a4037921

Maar hoe zit dat met de Nl vliegtuigen bij de luchtmacht van Myanmar? Niets aan te doen. "Het leasen van civiele toestellen aan de luchtmacht van Myanmar valt ook bij strikte lezing echter niet onder dit wapenembargo."

https://www.tweedekamer.nl/downloads/document?id=1f1c7bb5-0bc5-4f33-a77b-e0f29d1681b3&title=Antwoord%20op%20vragen%20van%20het%20lid%20Karabulut%20over%20de%20levering%20van%20twee%20Fokker%2070-toestellen%20die%20in%20het%20bezit%20van%20de%20luchtmacht%20van%20Myanmar%20zijn%20gekomen.pdf


Naast het Fokker vliegtuig om militaire hotemetoten rond te vliegen is er ook nog een voor militair transport. Konden we ook niets aan doen.

Hoe zit het met die Thales technologie voor de marine van Myanmar? Wapenembargo? Geen rechten meer op die technologie? Ach ouwe meuk, lang geleden geleverd aan India. https://broekstukken.blogspot.com/2015/07/despite-military-embargo-india-sells.html

***
Q (Katja Keul, Bündnis90/Die Grünen) & A (Miguel Berger, FA state secretary) in Bundestag on rules enabling the export of arms in the context European Peace Facility & what role is left for the German arms export regulations (see. www.tagesschau.de/investigativ/monitor/eu-waffenexporte-101.html)? https://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/19/279/1927994.pdf

***
Greece’s military relations with the Persian Gulf monarchies of the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have grown substantively over the past year and continue to grow. But just how significant are these relations? https://www.forbes.com/sites/pauliddon/2021/03/31/how-significant-is-greeces-growing-military-cooperation-with-the-uae-and-saudi-arabia/

***
2 messages on Libya:

Greek PM Mitsotakis to visit Libya next week. (To limit Turkish influence.) https://www.ekathimerini.com/news/1158257/mitsotakis-to-visit-libya-next-week/

Iranian Press TV reports authorities in western Libya freed 120 captured fighters loyal to Haftar as part of reoncilliation process. https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2021/03/31/648483/Libya-fighters-Haftar

***
#Myanmar’s National Assembly who formed a committee known by its initials CRPH asked for an arms embargo. China opposed it loud and clear - with hollow words - by stating it opposes “one-sided pressure and calling for sanctions or other coercive measures." https://globalnews.ca/news/7732615/myanmar-civil-war-un-envoy/

***
Heckler & Koch; Illegale Waffenexporte: Was das Mexiko-Urteil des BGH für die Rüstungsbranche bedeutet

What the German Federal Court of Justice judgment on Mexico means for the arms industry

https://www.handelsblatt.com/unternehmen/industrie/heckler-und-koch-illegale-waffenexporte-was-das-mexiko-urteil-des-bgh-fuer-die-ruestungsbranche-bedeutet/27053894.html

***
Czech president Zeman met with the Israeli state arms manufacturer Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and the Czechoslovak Group, March 31. They discussed cooperation between the Israeli firm and Czechia, including the planned purchase of an air defence system. CTK March 31, 2021.

***
#EDA supervised 3rd & last simulation session of #OCEAN2020 project https://ocean2020.eu/: 12 simulations centers from research centers, universities, small & industries in European countries were linked together to run specific scenarios in real time. https://eda.europa.eu/news-and-events/news/2021/03/29/third-simulation-trial-for-ocean2020-project

***
Defence planners at Indonesia’s Ministry of Defence have shortlisted designs of Damen, Mitsui, Fincantieri, and Babcock in a programme to procure follow-on vessels to the country’s Martadinata (SIGMA 10514)-class guided-missile frigates. https://www.janes.com/defence-news/news-detail/indonesia-shortlists-four-options-in-follow-on-to-sigma-10514-frigates

***
German contractors Rheinmetall, Hensoldt (there the company is again https://twitter.com/martinbroek/status/1376827114952003586) and Diehl Defence have teamed up to bid on the country’s envisioned short-range, air-defense program, the companies said Tuesday. https://www.defensenews.com/global/europe/2021/03/30/three-companies-make-a-joint-run-for-germanys-new-air-defense-program/


***
Retweet @FrankSlijper: Sinotruk military trucks used in #Myanmar against demonstrations; MAN has "asked the Chinese partner to provide comprehensive information on business activities in Myanmar and to place the issue on the agenda of the [...] meeting of the board of directors" https://projekte.sueddeutsche.de/artikel/wirtschaft/myanmar-the-role-played-by-the-german-company-man-e692964/